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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

17,760
3.3
676.8
659.0
177–566
38.67
36.8
95.2
8,104
3.9
$45,200,591
$41,880
$2,928,379,169
$160,890,060

map of Burleson County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.

Physical Features: Rolling to hilly; drains to Brazos, Yegua Creek, Somerville Lake; loam and heavy bottom soils; oaks, other trees.

Economy: Oil and gas, tourism, commuters to Texas A&M University, agribusiness.

locator map for Burleson County

History: Tonkawa and Caddo tribes roamed the area. Mexicans and Anglo-Americans settled around Fort Tenoxtitlan in 1830. Black freedmen migration increased until 1910. Germans, Czechs, Italians migrated in the 1870s-80s. County created and organized in 1846 from Milam, Washington counties; named for Edward Burleson, a hero of the Texas Revolution.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 64.7; Black, 13.0; Hispanic, 20.8; Asian, 0.3; Other, 1.1; Two or more races, 1.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 210; deaths, 214; marriages, 106; divorces, 25.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting; lake recreation; historic sites; Czech heritage museum.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sand, gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, cotton, corn, hay, sorghum, broiler production, soybeans; some irrigation. Market value $90.1 million.

CALDWELL (4,379) county seat; agribusiness, oil and gas, manufacturing, distribution center, tourism; hospital; civic center, museum; Kolache Festival in September.

Somerville (1,433) tourism, railroad center, some manufacturing; museum; Country Cajun festival in March.

Other towns include: Chriesman (30); Deanville (130); Lyons (360); Snook (522) Snookfest in June.

Burleson pronunciation

 

Deer near Somerville Lake.
Deer near Somerville Lake. Photo by Ron Billings/Texas A&M Forest Service.