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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

370,200
18.2
1,608.6
1,357.7
sea level–146
56.47
45.6
90.3
178,219
4.2
$1,812,355,221
$45,925
$46,196,173,154
$4,586,167,064

map of Brazoria County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.
 

Physical Features: Flat Coastal Plain, coastal soils, drained by Brazos River and San Bernard River; Brazoria Reservoir, Eagle Nest Lake, Harris Reservoir, Mustang Lake East/West, San Bernard Reservoirs.

Economy: Petroleum and chemical industry, fishing, tourism, agribusiness. Part of Houston metropolitan area.

locator map for Brazoria County

History: Karankawa area. Part of Austin’s “Old Three Hundred” colony of families arriving in the early 1820s. County created in 1836 from Municipality of Brazoria, organized in 1837; name derived from Brazos River.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 46.2; Black, 14.7; Hispanic, 31.1; Asian, 7.0; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 2.1.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 4,939; deaths, 2,155; marriages, 2,043; divorces, 1,261.

Recreation: Beaches, water sports; fishing, hunting; San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge and Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge, Stringfellow Wildlife Management Area and Justin Hurst Wildlife Management Area, historic sites, plantations, Varner-Hogg Plantation State Historic Site; county parks; replica of the first capitol of the Republic of Texas at West Columbia.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sand, gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay, rice, soybeans, sorghum, nurseries, corn, cotton, aquaculture, bees. Some 20,000 acres of rice irrigated. Market value $79.5 million.

ANGLETON (20,451) county seat; banking and distribution center for oil, chemical, agricultural area; fish-processing plant; hospital.

BRAZOSPORT (58,018) is a community of eight cities; chemical complex, deepwater seaport, commercial fishing, tourism; college; hospital; Brazosport cities include: Clute (11,624) mosquito festival in July, Freeport (12,018) museum, Riverfest in late April, Jones Creek (2,042), Lake Jackson (26,555) research & development, museum, sea center, Gulf Coast Bird Observatory, Oyster Creek (1,111), Quintana (89); Neotropical Bird Sanctuary, Richwood (4,006), Surfside Beach (573) tourism, St. Patrick's Day parade.

PEARLAND (121,670, parts in Harris, Fort Bend counties) trucking, metal fabrication, oilfield, chemical production; commuting to Houston, NASA; community college; Hindu temple; Winter Fest in January.

Other towns include: Alvin (27,848) petrochemical processing, agribusiness, rail, trucking; junior college; hospital; Crawfest and Shrimp Boil in April. Bailey’s Prairie (765); Bonney (336); Brazoria (3,308) government/services, retail, manufacturing; library; No-Name Festival in June, Santa Anna Ball in July; Brookside Village (1,566).

Also, Damon (585); Danbury (1,845); Danciger (90); Hillcrest Village (732); Holiday Lakes (1,176); Iowa Colony (1,332); Liverpool (525); Manvel (12,664); Old Ocean (150); Rosharon (1,294); Sandy Point (231); Sweeny (3,894) petrochemicals, government/services, hospital, library, Pride Day in May, Levi Jordan Plantation; West Columbia (3,916) chemical industry, retail, cattle, rice farming, museum, historic sites, plantation, San Jacinto Festival in April, Stephen F. Austin funeral procession re-enactment in October.

The Intracoastal Canal in Brazoria County.
The Gulf Intracoastal Waterway at the mouth of the San Bernard River. Photo by Robert Plocheck.