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Change fm 2010
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sea level–146

map of Brazoria County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.

Physical Features: Flat Coastal Plain, coastal soils, drained by Brazos River and San Bernard River; Brazoria Reservoir, Eagle Nest Lake, Harris Reservoir, Mustang Lake East/West, San Bernard Reservoirs.

Economy: Petroleum and chemical industry, fishing, tourism, agribusiness. Part of Houston metropolitan area.

locator map for Brazoria County

History: Karankawa area. Part of Austin’s “Old Three Hundred” colony of families arriving in the early 1820s. County created in 1836 from Municipality of Brazoria, organized in 1837; name derived from Brazos River.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 45.3; Black, 15.1; Hispanic, 31.6; Asian, 6.9; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 2.1.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 4,939; deaths, 2,155; marriages, 2,205; divorces, 1,235.

Recreation: Beaches, water sports; fishing, hunting; San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge and Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge, Stringfellow Wildlife Management Area, and Justin Hurst Wildlife Management Area; historic sites, plantations, Varner-Hogg Plantation State Historic Site; county parks; replica of the first capitol of the Republic of Texas at West Columbia.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sand, gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay, rice, soybeans, sorghum, nurseries, corn, cotton, aquaculture, bees. Some 20,000 acres of rice irrigated. Market value $79.5 million.

ANGLETON (20,571) county seat; banking and distribution center for oil, chemical, agricultural area; fish-processing plant; hospital.

BRAZOSPORT (60,752) is a community of eight cities; chemical complex, deepwater seaport, commercial fishing, tourism; college; hospital; Brazosport cities include: Clute (12,156) mosquito festival in July, Freeport (12,556) museum, Riverfest in late April, Jones Creek (2,195), Lake Jackson (27,699) research & development, museum, sea center, Gulf Coast Bird Observatory, Oyster Creek (1,199), Quintana (119); Neotropical Bird Sanctuary, Richwood (4,247), Surfside Beach (581) tourism, St. Patrick's Day parade.

PEARLAND (124,018, parts in Harris, Fort Bend counties) trucking, metal fabrication, oilfield, chemical production; commuting to Houston, NASA; community college; Hindu temple; Winter Fest in January.

Other towns include: Alvin (28,179) petrochemical processing, agribusiness, rail, trucking; junior college; hospital; Crawfest and Shrimp Boil in April. Bailey’s Prairie (798); Bonney (354); Brazoria (3,467) government/services, retail, manufacturing; library; No-Name Festival in June, Santa Anna Ball in July; Brookside Village (1,662).

Also, Damon (627); Danbury (1,878); Danciger (90); Hillcrest Village (779); Holiday Lakes (1,247); Iowa Colony (2,229); Liverpool (573); Manvel (13,532); Old Ocean (150); Rosharon (1,401); Sandy Point (245); Sweeny (4,182) petrochemicals, government/services, hospital, library, Pride Day in May, Levi Jordan Plantation; West Columbia (4,269) chemical industry, retail, cattle, rice farming, museum, historic sites, plantation, San Jacinto Festival in April, Stephen F. Austin funeral procession re-enactment in October.

The Intracoastal Canal in Brazoria County.
The Gulf Intracoastal Waterway at the mouth of the San Bernard River. Photo by Robert Plocheck.