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sea level–146

map of Brazoria County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.

Physical Features: Flat Coastal Plain, coastal soils, drained by Brazos and San Bernard rivers; Brazoria Reservoir, Eagle Nest Lake, Harris Reservoir, Mustang Lake East/West, San Bernard Reservoirs.

Economy: Petroleum and chemical industry, fishing, tourism, agribusiness. Part of Houston metropolitan area.

locator map for Brazoria County

History: Karankawa area. Part of Austin’s “Old Three Hundred” colony of families arriving in early 1820s. County created 1836 from Municipality of Brazoria, organized in 1837; name derived from Brazos River.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 48.5; Black, 13.8; Hispanic, 30.0; Asian, 6.6; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 2.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 4,783; deaths, 2,155; marriages, 2,043; divorces, 1,261.

Recreation: Beaches, water sports; fishing, hunting; wildlife refuges, historic sites, plantations; state and county parks; replica of the first capitol of the Republic of Texas at West Columbia.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sand, gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay, rice, soybeans, sorghum, nurseries, corn, cotton, aquaculture, bees. Some 20,000 acres of rice irrigated. Market value $118.2 million.

ANGLETON (19,964) county seat; banking and distribution center for oil, chemical, agricultural area; fish-processing plant; hospital.

BRAZOSPORT (59,637) is a community of eight cities; chemical complex, deepwater seaport, commercial fishing, tourism; college; hospital; Brazosport cities include: Clute (11,405) mosquito festival in July, Freeport (12,117) blues festival in August, Jones Creek (2,121), Lake Jackson (28,143) museum, sea center, Gulf Coast Bird Observatory, Oyster Creek (1,110), Quintana (114); Neotropical Bird Sanctuary, Richwood (3,874), Surfside Beach (753).

ALVIN (26,954) petrochemical processing, agribusiness, rail, trucking; junior college; hospital; Crawfest and Shrimp Boil in April.

PEARLAND (112,704, parts in Harris, Fort Bend counties) trucking, metal fabrication, oilfield, chemical production; commuting to Houston, NASA; community college; Hindu temple; Winter Fest in January.

Other towns include: Bailey’s Prairie (753); Bonney (321); Brazoria (3,104) government/services, retail, manufacturing; library; No-Name Festival in June, Santa Anna Ball in July; Brookside Village (1,637).

Also, Damon (587); Danbury (1,842); Danciger (90); Hillcrest Village (738); Holiday Lakes (1,202); Iowa Colony (1,296); Liverpool (531); Manvel (8,171); Old Ocean (150); Rosharon (1,245); Sandy Point (218); Sweeny (3,885) petrochemicals, government/services, hospital, library, Pride Day in May, Levi Jordan Plantation; West Columbia (3,952) chemical industry, retail, cattle, rice farming, museum, historic sites, plantation, San Jacinto Festival in April, Stephen F. Austin funeral procession re-enactment in October.

The Intracoastal Canal in Brazoria County.
The Gulf Intracoastal Waterway at the mouth of the San Bernard River. Photo by Robert Plocheck.