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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

14,322
2.2
1,058.0
998.4
301–860
19.77
46.3
97.8
5,619
6.6
$45,072,003
$24,226
$1,683,323,586
$61,735,039

map of Zapata County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: South Texas county of rolling, brushy topography; broken by tributaries of Rio Grande; Falcon Reservoir.

Economy: Natural gas, oil, ranching, Falcon Reservoir activities, government/services.

History: Coahuiltecan Indians in area when the ranch settlement of Nuestra Señora de los Dolores was established in 1750. Anglo-American migration increased after 1980. County named for Col. Antonio Zapata, pioneer rancher; created and organized in 1858 from Starr, Webb counties.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 4.8; Black, 0.4; Hispanic, 94.6; Asian, 0.2; Other, 0.4; Two or more races, 0.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 308; deaths, 85; marriages, 0; divorces, 2.

Recreation: Lake, state park, Dolores Hacienda site, rock hunting, hang gliding encampment June/July.

Minerals: Natural gas, oil, caliche.

Agriculture: Cattle; onions, cantaloupes, melons, goats. Market value $11.8 million. Hunting/wildlife leases.

ZAPATA (5,047) county seat; tourism, agribusiness, oil, retirement center; clinic; fajita cook-off in November.

Other towns include: Falcon (180); Lopeño (185); Medina (4,306), and San Ygnacio (651) historic buildings, museum.

RV park at Zapata

An RV park at Zapata. Photo by Robert Plocheck.