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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

44,314
5.6
695.7
645.2
270–630
43.02
32.5
94.4
17,325
4.4
$97,173,368
$35,236
$3,788,520,301
$414,775,427

map of Wood County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Hilly northeastern county almost half forested; sandy to alluvial soils; drained by Sabine and tributaries; Lake Fork Reservoir, Lake Quitman, Lake Winnsboro, Lake Hawkins, Holbrook Lake.

Economy: Agribusiness, oil, gas, tourism.

History: Caddo Indians, reduced by disease. Anglo-American settlement developed in the 1840s. County created from Van Zandt County in 1850, organized the same year; named for Gov. George T. Wood.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 82.8; Black, 5.4; Hispanic, 9.7; Asian, 0.6; Other, 1.1; Two or more races, 1.5.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 418; deaths, 613; marriages, 243; divorces, 131.

Recreation: Autumn trails; lake activities; hunting, fishing, birding; Gov. Hogg shrine and museum; historic sites; scenic drives; Mineola depot.

Minerals: Gas, oil, sand, gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, dairies, poultry, forages, vegetables, nurseries. Market value $105.9  million. Timber production significant.

QUITMAN (1,839) county seat; tourism, food processing, some manufacturing; hospital; botanical gardens; Dogwood Fiesta.

MINEOLA (4,788) agriculture, railroad center (Amtrak), oil and gas, heritage and nature tourism; museum, library; nature preserve; Ironhorse Festival in November.

Winnsboro (3,372, partly in Franklin County) poultry production, dairies, distribution, prison; hospital.

Other towns include: Alba (523, partly in Rains County); Golden (398) Sweet Potato festival in October; Hawkins (1,286) petroleum, water bottling, Jarvis Christian College; oil festival in October; Holly Lake Ranch (2,726); Yantis (396).

Wood County Courthouse

The Wood County Courthouse in Quitman. Photo by Larry D. Moore (CC).