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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

132,000
0.3
633.1
627.8
912–1,240
28.92
29.8
96.9
56,079
3.6
$515,377,435
$42,110
$7,203,277,819
$1,719,537,237

map of Wichita County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Northwest county in prairie bordering Oklahoma; drained by Red, Wichita rivers; North Fork Buffalo Creek Reservoir, Lake Wichita; sandy, loam soils.

Economy: Manufacturing, retail trade center for large area, air base, government/services, agriculture.

History: Wichitas and other Caddoan tribes in the area in the 1700s; later, Comanches, Apaches also present until the 1850s. Anglo-American settlement increased after 1870. County named for tribe; created from Young Territory in 1858; organized in 1882.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 65.8; Black, 10.9; Hispanic, 18.9; Asian, 2.2; Other, 1.5; Two or more races, 2.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 1,816; deaths, 1,304; marriages, 1,120; divorces, 556.

Recreation: Museums; historic sites; Texas-Oklahoma High School Oil Bowl football game; collegiate activities; water sports on lakes; Fiestas Patrias parade, Ranch Round-up in August.

Minerals: Oil.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, horticulture, wheat, hay. Seventy-five percent of hay irrigated; 10 percent of wheat/cotton. Market value $37.9 million.

WICHITA FALLS (105,033) county seat; distribution center for large area of Texas and Oklahoma, government/services, varied manufacturing, oil-field services; hospitals, including North Texas state hospital; Midwestern State University, vocational-technical training center; hiking trails; Hotter’n Hell bicycle race in August; Sheppard Air Force Base.

Other cities include: Burkburnett (11,046) some manufacturing, Trails and Tales of Boomtown USA display and tours; Cashion (340); Electra (2,705) oil, agriculture, manufacturing, commuters to Wichita Falls; hospital; goat barbecue in May; Iowa Park (6,333) manufacturing, prison, Parkfest in May; Kamay (640); Pleasant Valley (335).

Electra sunrise

Electra sunrise. Photo by Robert Plocheck.