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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

41,968
1.7
1,094.4
1,086.2
50–165
47.47
43.0
92.2
20,773
4.3
$153,164,532
$40,535
$5,692,922,100
$801,522,361

map of Wharton County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Gulf prairie; bisected by the Colorado River; alluvial, black, sandy loam soils.

Economy: Oil, agribusiness, hunting, varied manufacturing, government/services.

History: Karankawas in area until the 1840s. Anglo-American colonists settled in 1823. Czechs, Germans arrived in 1880s. Mexican migration increased after 1950. County named for John A. and William H. Wharton, brothers active in Texas Revolution; created in 1846 from Jackson, Matagorda, Colorado counties, organized the same year.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 44.3; Black, 14.0; Hispanic, 41.4; Asian, 0.5; Other, 0.8; Two or more races, 1.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 595; deaths, 417; marriages, 242; divorces, 97.

Recreation: Waterfowl hunting, fishing, big-game, birding; art, historical museums; river-front park at Wharton; historic sites; old Plaza Theater at Wharton.

Minerals: Oil, gas.

Agriculture: Rice (first in acreage); cotton, milo, corn, sorghum, soybeans; 72,000 acres irrigated. Also, eggs, nurseries/turf grass (first in value of sales), cattle, aquaculture. Market value $373.6 million.

WHARTON (8,690) county seat; health care, plastics, government/services; hospitals, junior college; Juneteenth, wine and arts festival in October.

EL CAMPO (11,727) rice processing, plastic, styrofoam processing; hospital; Polka Expo in November.

Other towns include: Boling (1,117); Danevang (61); East Bernard (2,320) commuters, agribusiness, retail, klobase-kolache festival in June; Egypt (26); Glen Flora (210); Hungerford (306); Lane City (111); Lissie (72); Louise (1,001); Pierce (51).

Wharton County Courthouse in Wharton

The Wharton County Courthouse. Photo by Billy Hathorn (CC).