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Estes prison unit near Venus, Johnson County.

The Estes prison unit near Venus, Johnson County. Photo by Robert Plocheck.


The Texas Board of Criminal Justice is composed of nine non-salaried members who are appointed by the governor for staggered six-year terms. The board governs primarily by employing the executive director, setting rules and policies that guide the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, and by considering other agency actions at its regularly scheduled meetings. The TDCJ headquarters are in Huntsville, with offices in Austin, as well.

On-Hand Population — Aug. 31, 2016
  Prisons  134,547
  State Jails 8,705
  Substance Abuse 3,801
TOTAL 147,053
  Mandatory Supervision 86,616
  Felony and Misdemeanor 374,980

The Correctional Institutions Division is responsible for the confinement of adult felony and state jail offenders who are sentenced to incarceration in a secure state-operated correctional facility. Institutional facilities house offenders convicted of first-, second-, and third-degree felonies.

State jail facilities house offenders convicted of a state jail felony, which consists of certain felonies previously considered non-violent third-degree felonies or Class C misdemeanors. Punishment can be up to two years incarceration in a state jail facility and a fine not to exceed $10,000, with possible community supervision following release from the state jail.

prison inmate profile 2016

Click to enlarge.

Private Facility Contract Monitoring and Oversight Division is responsible for oversight and monitoring of contracts for privately operated secure facilities, as well as community-based facilities, which include substance abuse treatment services.

The Parole Division supervises all offenders released on parole or mandatory supervision; conducts release and transition planning; and verifies compliance with statutory provisions of release. Additionally, the division contracts for electronic monitoring and processing responses to violations, as well as other services. The division administers rehabilitation and reintegration programs and services through District Resource Centers and Parole Offices, and coordinates the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision.

The Community Justice Assistance Division administers community supervision, also known as adult probation in Texas. It is responsible for the distribution of formula and grant funds; the development of standards, including best-practice treatment standards; approval of Community Justice Plans and budgets; conducting program and fiscal audits; and providing training and certification of community supervision officers.

State Prison/Jail, Prisoners (on Aug. 31, 2014)

County Unit Nearest Town Inmates Gender
Anderson Beto Tennessee Colony 3,422 Male
  Coffield Tennessee Colony 4,106 Male
  Gurney Tennessee Colony 1,944 Male
  Michael Tennessee Colony 3,254 Male
  Powledge Palestine 1,125 Male
Angelina Diboll Diboll 431 Male
  Duncan Diboll 541 Male
Bee Garza East Beeville 2,306 Male 
  Garza West Beeville 2,109 Male 
  McConnell Beeville 2,732 Male 
Bexar Dominguez San Antonio 2,128 Male
Bowie Telford New Boston 2,790 Male
Brazoria C.T. Terrell Rosharon 1,582 Male
  Clemens Brazoria 1,127 Male
  Darrington Rosharon 1,867 Male
  Ramsey Rosharon 1,696 Male
  Scott Angleton 1,062 Male
  Stringfellow Rosharon 1,148 Male
Brazos Hamilton Bryan 1,080 Male
Brown Havins Brownwood 577 Male
Burnet Halbert Burnet 584 Female
Caldwell Lockhart Lockhart 498 Female
  Lockhart PPT* Lockhart 500 Male
Cherokee Hodge Rusk 930 Male
  Skyview Rusk 65
Childress Roach Childress 1,440 Male
Coryell Crain Gatesville 1,990 Female
  Hilltop Gatesville 519 Female
  Hughes Gatesville 2,792 Male
  Mountain View Gatesville 626 Female
  Murray Gatesville 1,307 Female
  Woodman Gatesville 875 Female
Dallas Hutchins Dallas 2,200 Male
Dawson Smith Lamesa 1,711 Male
DeWitt Stevenson Cuero 1,382 Male
Duval Glossbrenner San Diego 420 Male
El Paso Sanchez El Paso 970 Male
Falls Hobby Marlin 1,363 Female
  Marlin Marlin 552 Female
Fannin C. Moore Bonham 1,178 Male
  Cole Bonham 849 Male
Fort Bend Jester I Richmond 301 Male
  Jester III Richmond 1,085 Male
  Jester IV Richmond 5
  Vance Richmond 328 Male
Freestone Boyd Fairfield 1,335 Male
Frio Briscoe Dilley 1,369 Male
Galveston Hospital Galveston 17
  Young Galveston 315
Gray Jordan Pampa 1,397 Male
Grimes Luther Navasota 1,247 Male
  Pack Navasota 1,459 Male
Hale Formby Plainview 1,008 Male
  Wheeler Plainview 520 Male
Harris Kegans Houston 595 Male
  Lychner Humble 2,145 Male
Hartley Dalhart Dalhart 1,385 Male
Hays Kyle Kyle 519 Male
Hidalgo Lopez Edinburg 1,026 Male
  Segovia Edinburg 1,177 Male
Houston Eastham Lovelady 2,427 Male
Jack Lindsey Jacksboro 979 Male
Jasper Goodman Jasper 577 Male
Jefferson Gist Beaumont 2,094 Male
  Leblanc Beaumont 1,197 Male
  Stiles Beaumont 2,925 Male
Johnson Estes Venus 1,040 Male
Jones Middleton Abilene 2,100 Male
  Robertson Abilene 2,966 Male
Karnes Connally Kenedy 2,113 Male
La Salle Cotulla Cotulla 583 Male
Liberty Cleveland Cleveland 516 Male
  Henley  Dayton 509 Female
  Hightower Dayton 1,371 Male
  Plane Dayton 2,149 Female
Lubbock Montford Lubbock 945 Male
Madison Ferguson Midway 2,357 Male
Medina Ney Hondo 544 Male
  Torres Hondo 1,371 Male
Mitchell Wallace Colorado City 1,414 Male
  Ware Colorado City 479 Male
Pecos Fort Stockton Fort Stockton 581 Male
  Lynaugh Fort Stockton 1,410 Male
Polk Polunsky Livingston 2,965 Male
Potter Clements Amarillo 3,748 Male
  Neal Amarillo 1,712 Male
Rusk B. Moore Overton 500 Male
  Bradshaw Henderson 1,963 Male
  East Texas Treatment Henderson


San Saba San Saba San Saba 550 Male
Scurry Daniel Snyder 1,344 Male
Stephens Sayle Breckenridge 562 Male
Swisher Tulia Tulia 579 Male
Terry Rudd Brownfield 579 Male
Travis Travis County Austin 1,017 Male
Tyler Lewis Woodville 2,179 Male
Walker Byrd Huntsville 1,235 Male
  Ellis Huntsville 2,431 Male
  Estelle Huntsville 3,107 Male
  Goree Huntsville 47
  Holliday Huntsville 2,116 Male
  Huntsville Huntsville 1,573 Male
  Wynne Huntsville 2,596 Male
Wichita Allred Iowa Park 3,648 Male
Willacy Willacy County Raymondville 1,069 Male
Williamson Bartlett Bartlett 1,045 Male
Wise Bridgeport Bridgeport 520 Male
  Bridgeport PPT* Bridgeport 199 Female
Wood Johnston Winnsboro 585 Male
*PPT – Pre-Parole Transfer.

 Source: Texas Department of Criminal Justice.