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Estes prison unit near Venus, Johnson County.

The Estes prison unit near Venus, Johnson County. Photo by Robert Plocheck.

The Texas Board of Criminal Justice is composed of nine non-salaried members who are appointed by the governor for staggered six-year terms. The board governs primarily by employing the executive director, setting rules and policies that guide the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, and by considering other agency actions at its regularly scheduled meetings. The TDCJ headquarters are in Huntsville, with offices in Austin, as well.

On-Hand Population
As of Aug. 31, 2018
Prisons 134,152
State Jails 7,433
SAFP (Substance Abuse) 3,434
TOTAL 145,019
Mandatory Supervision Population 84,495
Felony and Misdemeanor 368,871
Source: TDCJ Annual Review 2018.

The Correctional Institutions Division is responsible for the confinement of adult felony and state jail offenders who are sentenced to incarceration in a secure state-operated correctional facility. Institutional facilities house offenders convicted of first-, second-, and third-degree felonies.

State jail facilities house offenders convicted of a state jail felony, which consists of certain felonies previously considered non-violent third-degree felonies or Class C misdemeanors. Punishment can be up to two years incarceration in a state jail facility and a fine not to exceed $10,000, with possible community supervision following release from the state jail.



Inmate Profile
As of Fiscal Year 2018
Sex – Ethnicity – Age
Male: 91.6% Hispanic: 33.5%
Black: 32.7% Other: 0.6%
White: 33.3% Average age: 39.4
Average Sentences
Prison: 19.5 years State jail: 1.1 year
Average Part Of Sentence Served
Prison: 61.0% State jail: 99.5%
(Based on offenders released in Fiscal Year 2018.)
Average IQ 90.7
Percent lacking high
school diploma or GED:
Source: TDCJ Annual Review 2018.

Private Facility Contract Monitoring and Oversight Division is responsible for oversight and monitoring of contracts for privately operated secure facilities, as well as community-based facilities, which include substance abuse treatment services.

The Parole Division supervises all offenders released on parole or mandatory supervision; conducts release and transition planning; and verifies compliance with statutory provisions of release;Additionally, the division contracts for electronic monitoring and processing responses to violations, as well as other services. The division administers rehabilitation and reintegration programs and services through District Resource Centers and Parole Offices, and coordinates the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision.

The Community Justice Assistance Division administers community supervision, also known as adult probation in Texas. It is responsible for the distribution of formula and grant funds; the development of standards, including best-practice treatment standards; approval of Community Justice Plans and budgets; conducting program and fiscal audits; and providing training and certification of community supervision officers.


State Prison/Jail, Prisoners (on Aug. 31, 2014)

Correctional Institutions in Texas
County Unit Nearest Town Max. Capacity,
Employees Type
Anderson Beto Tennessee Colony 3,471 Male 633 Prison (CID)
Anderson Coffield Tennessee Colony 4,139 Male 879 Prison (CID)
Anderson Gurney Tennessee Colony 2,128 Male 437 Transfer (CID)
Anderson Michael Tennessee 3,800 Male 816 Prison (CID)
Anderson Powledge Palestine 1,137 Male 290 Prison (CID)
Angelina Diboll Diboll 518 Male 136 Private Prison (MTC)
Angelina Duncan Diboll 606 Male 139 Geriatric (CID)
Bee Garza East Beeville 2,458 Male 442 Transfer (CID)
Bee Garza West Beeville 2,278 Male 401 Transfer (CID)
Bee McConnell Beeville 2,900 Male 542 Prison (CID)
Bexar Dominguez San Antonio 2,276 Male 382 State Jail (CID)
Bowie Telford New Boston 2,872 Male 706 Prison (CID)
Brazoria Clemens Brazoria 1,215 Male 348 Prison (CID)
Brazoria Darrington Rosharon 1,931 Male 546 Prison (CID)
Brazoria Ramsey Rosharon 1,891 Male 429 Prison (CID)
Brazoria Scott Angleton 1,130 Male 307 Prison (CID)
Brazoria Stringfellow Rosharon 1,212 Male 313 Prison (CID)
Brazoria Terrell, C.T. Rosharon 1,603 Male 466 Prison (CID)
Brazos Hamilton Bryan 1,166 Male 256 Pre-Release (CID)
Brown Havins Brownwood 596 Male 181 Pre-Release (CID)
Burnet Halbert Burnet 612 Female 135 SAFPF (CID)
Caldwell Lockhart Lockhart 500 Female,
500 Male
204 Private Prison/Work
Program (MTC)
Cherokee Hodge Rusk 989 Male 333 DDP (CID)
Cherokee Skyview Rusk 562 Female/Male 295 Psychiatric
Childress Roach Childress 1,384 Male 289 Prison (CID)
Coryell Crain Gatesville 2,115 Female 711 Prison (CID)
Coryell Hilltop Gatesville 553 Female 268 Prison (CID)
Coryell Hughes Gatesville 2,984 Male 741 Prison (CID)
Coryell Mountain VIew Gatesville 645 Female 300 Prison (CID)
Coryell Murray Gatesville 1,341 Female 341 Prison (CID)
Coyell Woodman Gatesville 900 Female 270 State Jail (CID)
Dallas Hutchins Dallas 2,276 Male 399 State Jail (CID)
Dawson Smith Lamesa 2,234 Male 408 Prison (CID)
DeWitt Stevenson Cuero 1,384 Female 272 Prison (CID)
El Paso Sanchez El Paso 1,100 Male 287 State Jail (CID)
Falls Hobby Marlin 1,384 Female 299 Prison (CID)
Falls Marlin Marlin 606 Female 126 Transfer (CID)
Fannin Cole Bonham 900 Male 226 State Jail (CID)
Fannin Moore, C. Bonham 1,224 Male 245 Transfer (CID)
Fort Bend Jester I Richmond 323 Male 119 SAFPF (CID)
Fort Bend Jester III Richmond 1,131 Male 288 Prison (CID)
Fort Bend Jester IV Richmond 550 Male 381 Psychiatric (CID)
Fort Bend Vance Richmond 378 Male 116 Prison (CID)
Freestone Boyd Teague 1,372 Male 298 Prison (CID)
Frio Briscoe Dilley 1,384 Male 233 Prison (CID)
Galveston Hospital Galveston Galveston 365 Female/Male 496 Medical (CID)
Galveston Young Galveston 455 Female 302 Medical (CID)
Gray Jordan Pampa 1,008 Male 289 Prison (CID)
Grimes Luther Navasota 1,316 Male 323 Prison (CID)
Grimes Pack Navasota 1,478 Male 334 Prison (CID)
Hale Formby Plainview 1,100 Male 278 State Jail (CID)
Harris Kegans Houston 667 Male 155 State Jail (CID)
Harris Lychner Humble 2,276 Male 413 State Jail (CID)
Hartley Dalhart Dalhart 1,398 Male 237 Prison (CID)
Hays Kyle Kyle 520 Male 117 Private Prison (CID)
Hidalgo Segovia Edinburg 1,100 Male 257 State Jail (CID)
Houston Eastham Lovelady 2,474 Male 583 Prison (CID)
Jack Lindsey Jacksboro 1,031 Male 202 State Jail (MTC)
Jasper Goodman Jasper 612 Male 155 Transfer (CID)
Jefferson Gist Beaumont 2,276 Male 368 State Jail (CID)
Jefferson Leblanc Beaumont 1, 224 Male 248 Pre-Release (CID)
Jefferson Stiles Beaumont 2,981 Male 756 Prison (CID)
Johnson Estes Venus 1,040 Male 191 Private Prison (MTC)
Jones Middleton Abilene 2,128 Male 504 Transfer (CID)
Jones Robertson Abilene 2,984 Male 683 Prison (CID)
Karnes Connally Kenedy 2,148 Male 602 Prison (CID)
La Salle Cotulla Cotulla 606 Male 99 Transfer (CID)
Liberty Cleveland Cleveland 520 Male 134 Private Prison (MTC)
Liberty Henley Dayton 576 Female 124 State Jail (CID)
Liberty Hightower Dayton 1,384 Male 335 Prison (CID)
Liberty Plane Dayton 2,291 Female 418 State Jail (CID)
Lubbock Montford Lubbock 1,044 Male 705 Psychiatric (CID)
Madison Ferguson Midway 2,421 Male 578 Prison (CID)
Medina Ney Hondo 576 Male 134 State Jail (CID)
Medina Torres Hondo 1,384 Male 298 Prison (CID)
Mitchell Wallace Colorado City 1,448 Male 255 Prison (CID)
Pecos Fort Stockton Fort Stockton 606 Male 114 Transfer (CID)
Pecos Lynaugh Fort Stockton 1,416 Male 289 Prison (CID)
Polk Polunsky Livingston 2,984 Male 691 Prison (CID)
Potter Clements Amarillo 3,798 Male 1,050 Prison (CID)
Potter Neal Amarillo 1,732 Male 383 Prison (CID)
Rusk Bradshaw Henderson 1,980 Male 266 State Jail (MTC)
Rusk East Texas Henderson 1,980 Male 266 State Jail (MTC)
Rusk Moore, B. Overton 500 Male 109 Private Prison (MTC)
San Saba San Saba San Saba 606 Female 135 Transfer (CID)
Scurry Daniel Snyder 1,384 Male 224 Prison (CID)
Stephens Sayle Breckenridge 632 Male 146 SAFPF (CID)
Swisher Tulia Tulia 606 Male 117 Transfer (CID)
Terry Rudd Brownfield 612 Male 145 Transfer Male
Travis Travis County Austin 1,161 Male 264 State Jail (CID)
Tyler Lewis Woodville 2,231 Male 570 Prison (CID)
Walker Byrd Huntsville 1,365 Male 282 Prison (CID)
Walker Ellis Huntsville 2,482 Male 604 Prison (CID)
Walker Estelle Hunstville 3,480 Male 980 Prison (CID)
Walker Goree Huntsville 1,321 Male 315 Prison (CID)
Walker Holliday Huntsville 2,128 Male 435 Transfer (CID)
Walker Huntsville Huntsville 1,705 Male 446 Prison (CID)
Walker Wynne Huntsville 2,621 Male 697 Prison (CID)
Wichita Allred Iowa Park 3,722 Male 939 Prison (CID)
Wallacy Willacy County Raymondville 1,069 Male 183 State Jail (La Salle)
Wise Bridgeport Bridgeport 520 Male 117 Private Prison (MTC)
Wood Johnston Winnsboro 612 Male 160 SAFPF (CID)
Source: TDCJ Unit Directory.