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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

10,266
– 2.2
1,057.1
1,050.9
1,915–2,301
24.04
31.2
94.4
4,494
3.6
$26,810,563
$36,696
$1,396,751,210
$87,077,520

map of Runnels County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Level to rolling; bisected by Colorado and tributaries; sandy loam, black waxy soils; O.H. Ivie Reservoir, Lake Ballinger.

Economy: Agribusiness, oil, government/services, manufacturing.

History: Spanish explorers found Jumanos in area in the 1650s; later, Apaches and Comanches driven out in the 1870s by U.S. military. First Anglo-Americans arrived in the 1850s; Germans, Czechs around 1900. County named for planter-legislator H.G. Runnels; created in 1858 from Bexar and Travis counties; organized in 1880.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 61.6; Black, 2.6; Hispanic, 34.3; Asian, 1.0; Other, 1.6; Two or more races, 1.2.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 112; deaths, 140; marriages, 56; divorces, 19.

Recreation: Deer, dove and turkey hunting; lakes; fishing; antique car museum; historical markers in county.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sand.

Agriculture: Cattle, cotton, wheat, sorghum, dairies, sheep and goats. Market value $47.4  million.

BALLINGER (3,700) county seat; varied manufacturing, oil-field services, meat processing; Carnegie Library, hospital, Western Texas College extension; the Cross, 100-ft. tall atop hill south of city; Festival of Ethnic Cultures in April.

Other towns include: Miles (862); Norton (50); Rowena (349); Wingate (100); Winters (2,525) manufacturing, museum, hospital.

cotton fields near Rowena

Cotton fields near Rowena. Photo by Robert Plocheck.