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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

49,162
8.3
1,109.7
1,057.1
68–484
51.53
39.6
93.7
17,430
6.0
$110,458,281
$36,231
$5,036,760,023
$523,111,540

map of Polk County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Rolling; densely forested, with Big Thicket, unique plant, animal life; Neches, Trinity rivers, tributaries; Lake Livingston.

Economy: Timber, lumber production, tourism, manufacturing.

locator map for Polk County

History: Caddo area; Alabama and Coushatta Indians arrived from Louisiana in the late 1700s. Anglo-American and Hispanic families received land grants in the early 1830s. County named for U.S. President James K. Polk; created from Liberty County and organized 1846.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 70.9; Black, 10.4; Hispanic, 15.3; Asian, 0.8; Other, 2.4; Two or more races, 1.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 562; deaths, 673; marriages, 325; divorces, 163.

Recreation: Lake and state park, water activities, fishing, hunting, Alabama-Coushatta Reservation, museum, Big Thicket, woodland trails, champion trees, historic homes.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sand, gravel.

Agriculture: Hay and greenhouse nurseries; vegetables raised; income also from beef cattle, horses. Market value $7.8 million. Timber and hardwood.

LIVINGSTON (5,305) county seat; lumber, tourism, oil; museum, hospital; Civil War re-enactment in February. West Livingston (8,870) includes Blanchard, East TempeMoore Hill, and Polunsky prison unit.

Other towns include: Ace (40); Camden (1,200); Corrigan (1,604) plywood plant; Dallardsville (350); Goodrich (294); Leggett (500); Moscow (170) historic sites; Onalaska (2,755); Seven Oaks (114).

Livingston Dam

The Livingston Dam. Photo by Leif Skoogfors/FEMA.