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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area (sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

23,243
– 2.3
821.3
801.8
172–548
51.43
35.2
93.0
10,076
5.1
$103,965,849
$37,930
$4,283,103,130
$241,835,043

 map of Panola County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: East Texas county; sixty percent forested, rolling plain; broken by Sabine, Murvaul Creek; Toledo Bend Reservoir, Lake Murvaul, Martin Creek Lake.

Economy: Gas, oil-field operations, food processing, agribusiness.

locator map for Panola County

History:  A Caddo tribal area. Anglo-American settlement established in 1833. Antebellum slaveholding area. County name is Indian word for cotton; created from Harrison and Shelby counties in 1846; organized the same year.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 73.2; Black, 15.8; Hispanic, 8.8; Asian, 0.8; Other, 0.8; Two or more races, 2.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 287; deaths, 266; marriages, 164; divorces, 93.

Recreation: Lake fishing, water activities, hunting; Jim Reeves memorial, Tex Ritter museum and Texas Country Music Hall of Fame.

Minerals: Oil, gas, coal.

Agriculture: Broilers, cattle, forages. Market value $93.3 million. Timber sales significant.

CARTHAGE (6,934) county seat; petroleum processing, poultry, sawmills; hospital, junior college; Oil & Gas Blast in October.

Other towns include: Beckville (838), Clayton (125), DeBerry (200), Gary (301), Long Branch (150), Panola (305). Also, Tatum (1,416, mostly in Rusk County).

Toledo Bend Reservoir

Toledo Bend Reservoir. Photo by Robert Plocheck.