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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
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sea level–35

map of Orange County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: In southeastern corner of the state; bounded by Sabine River and Neches River, Sabine Lake; coastal soils; two-thirds timbered.

Economy: Oil and gas production, electric power plants, commercial fishing.

locator map for Orange County

History: Atakapan Indian area. French traders in area by 1720. Anglo-American settlement began in the 1820s. County created from Jefferson County in 1852, organized the same year; named for early orange grove.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 79.8; Black, 8.8; Hispanic, 8.5; Asian, 1.2; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 1.7.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 1,218; deaths, 947; marriages, 680; divorces, 211.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting, water sports, birding, Houseman Wildlife Management Area, Lower Neches Wildlife Management Area, county park, museums; historical homes, crawfish and crab festivals in spring.

Minerals: Oil and gas.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, forages, citrus, bees. Market value $5 million. Hunting leases. Timber important.

ORANGE (18,847) county seat; seaport, petrochemical plants, varied manufacturing, food and timber processing shipping; hospital, theater, museums; Lamar State College-Orange; Mardi Gras/gumbo festival in February.

Bridge City (7,900) varied manufacturing, ship repair yard, steel fabrication, fish farming, government/services; library; tall bridge and newer suspension bridge over Neches; stop for Monarch butterfly in fall during its migration to Mexico.

Vidor (10,955) steel processing, railroad-car refinishing; library; barbecue festival in April.

Other towns include: Mauriceville (3,905); Orangefield (725); Pine Forest (505); Pinehurst (2,163); Rose City (511); West Orange (3,378).

Alligator basks in the sun in a swamp in Orange County

An alligator basks in the sun in an Orange County swamp. Photo by Ron Billings/Texas Forest Service.