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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

2,076
1.2
1,501.4
1,500.5
3,140–4,360
19.16
20.7
92.3
887
2.6
$12,635,596
$54,690
$1,208,508,592
$36,457,718

map of Oldham County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Northwestern Panhandle county; level, broken by Canadian River and tributaries.

Economy: Agriculture, wind energy, sand and gravel.

locator map for Oldham County

History: Apaches; followed later by Comanches, Kiowas. U.S. Army removed the Indians in 1875. Anglo ranchers and Spanish pastores (sheep men) from New Mexico were in  the area in the 1870s. County created in 1876 from Bexar District; organized in 1880; named for editor-Confederate senator W.S. Oldham.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 78.1; Black, 3.5; Hispanic, 15.6; Asian, 1.3; Other, 1.0; Two or more races, 2.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 22; deaths, 17; marriages, 14; divorces, 3.

Recreation: Old Tascosa, Cal Farley’s Boys Ranch, Boot Hill Cemetery, museums; midway point on old Route 66; County Roundup in August, Boys Ranch rodeo Labor Day weekend.

Minerals: Sand and gravel, oil, natural gas, stone.

Agriculture: Beef cattle; crops include wheat, grain sorghum. Market value $113 million.

VEGA (867) county seat; farm and ranch trade center; transportation; museums.

Other towns: Adrian (164); Wildorado (210). Also, Cal Farley’s Boys Ranch (297).

 Boot Hill at Tascosa

 Boot Hill at Tascosa. Photo by Robert Plocheck.