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map of Nacogdoches County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: East Texas county on divide between Angelina River, Attoyac Bayou; hilly; two-thirds forested; red, gray, sandy soils; Sam Rayburn Reservoir, Lake Nacogdoches, Lake Naconiche.

Economy: Agribusiness, timber, manufacturing, education, tourism.

locator map for Nacogdoches County

History: Caddo tribes, joined by displaced Cherokees in the 1820s. Indian tribes moved west of the Brazos River by 1840. Spanish missions established in 1716. Spanish settlers arrived in the mid-1700s. Anglo-Americans arrived in the 1820s. An original county of the Republic in 1836, organized in 1837. Name comes from Caddo tribe in the area.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 59.2; Black, 18.2; Hispanic, 20.0; Asian, 1.3; Other, 1.0; Two or more races, 1.9.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 864; deaths, 605; marriages, 462; divorces, 160.

Recreation: Lake, river activities; Stephen F. Austin State University events; Angelina National Forest, Alazan Bayou Wildlife Management Area; historic sites; tourist attractions include the Old Stone Fort, pioneer homes, museums, Millard’s Crossing Historic Village, Piney Woods Native Plant Center; Azalea Trail in March, Blueberry Festival in June.

Minerals: First Texas oil discovered here, 1866; gas, oil, clay, stone.

Agriculture: A leading poultry-producing county (third in sales of poultry and eggs); beef cattle raised. Market value $370.7 million. Substantial timber sold.

NACOGDOCHES (33,676) county seat; varied manufacturing, lumber mills, wood products, trade center; hospitals; Stephen F. Austin State University; Nine Flags Festival in November/December.

Other towns include: Appleby (495), Chireno (387), Cushing (611), Douglass (380), Etoile (700), Garrison (908), Martinsville (350), Sacul (150), Woden (400).

campus of Stephen F. Austin State University

Stephen F. Austin State University. Photo by Robert Plocheck.