Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

804
13.7
1,156.8
1,139.4
150–642
23.99
42.6
96.4
742
1.5
$7,641,807
$107,627
$2,744,731,897
$23,543,824

map of McMullen County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Southern county of brushy plain, sloping to Frio, Nueces rivers and tributaries, Choke Canyon Reservoir; saline clay soils.

Economy: Government/services, retail, agriculture, oil and gas services.

locator map for McMullen County

History: Coahuiltecans, squeezed out by Lipan Apaches and other tribes. Anglo-American settlers arrived in 1858. Sheep ranching of 1870s attracted Mexican laborers. County created from Atascosa, Bexar, Live Oak counties 1858; organized 1862, reorganized 1877; named for Nueces River pioneer-empresario John McMullen.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 56.1; Black, 2.4; Hispanic, 39.7; Asian, 0.7; Other, 1.4; Two or more races, 2.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 12; deaths, 7; marriages, 9; divorces, 3.

Recreation: Hunting, wildlife viewing; lake activities, state park; Labor Day rodeo.

Minerals: Gas, oil, lignite coal, caliche, kaolinite.

Agriculture: Beef cattle. Market value $8.3 million. Wildlife enterprises important.

TILDEN (340), county seat; oil, gas, lignite mining, ranch center, government/services.

Other towns include: Calliham (100).

 oil field and cattle east of Tilden

Oil field and cattle east of Tilden. Photo by Robert Plocheck.