Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

36,840
0.4
1,612.5
1,100.3
sea level–70
48.89
45.4
91.5
16,682
5.7
$150,225,285
$40,827
$6,854,013,732
$417,356,469

map of Matagorda County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Gulf Coastal Plain; flat, broken by bays; many different soils; drains to Colorado River, creeks, coast; South Texas Project Reservoir.

Economy: Agribusiness, oil and gas fields, refinery.

locator map for Matagorda County

History: Karankawa tribal area, Tonkawas in the area later. Anglo-Americans arrived in 1822. Mexican immigration increased after 1920. An original county, created 1836 from a Spanish municipality, named for canebrake; organized in 1837; settled by Austin colonists.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 43.8; Black, 11.2; Hispanic, 42.7; Asian, 2.0; Other, 1.4; Two or more races, 1.7.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 533; deaths, 407; marriages, 266; divorces, 114.

Recreation: Wildlife hunting and viewing, fishing (fresh and salt water), beaches, sailing, historic sites, museums; Bay City rice festival in October.

Minerals: Oil and gas.

Agriculture: Cotton, rice, soybeans, corn, grain sorgrum; some 33,000 acres  of crops irrigated; cattle, turf, aquaculture (first in value). Market value $129.7 million.

BAY CITY (17,531) county seat; government/services, education, nuclear power plant; petrochemicals; agribusiness; hospital, junior college branch.

Palacios (4,619) tourism, seafood industry; hospital; Marine Education Center; public fishing piers; Bay Festival on Labor Day.

Other towns include: Blessing (965) historic sites; Cedar Lane (300); Collegeport (80); Elmaton (160); Markham (1,048); Matagorda (528); Midfield (305); Pledger (265); Sargent (900) retirement community, fishing, birding, commercial fishing, barbecue cookoff in April; Van Vleck (1,979); Wadsworth (160).

South Texas Nuclear Power Plant east of Collegeport

The South Texas Nuclear Power Plant east of Collegeport. Photo by Robert Plocheck.