Filed Under: 

Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

sea level–70

map of Matagorda County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Gulf Coastal Plain; flat, broken by bays; many different soils; drains to Colorado River, creeks, coast; South Texas Project Reservoir.

Economy: Nuclear power plant, petrochemicals, agribusiness.

locator map for Matagorda County

History: Karankawa tribal area, Tonkawas in the area later. Anglo-Americans arrived in 1822. Mexican immigration increased after 1920. An original county, created 1836 from a Spanish municipality, named for canebrake; organized in 1837; settled by Austin colonists.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 43.8; Black, 11.2; Hispanic, 42.7; Asian, 2.0; Other, 1.4; Two or more races, 1.7.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 533; deaths, 407; marriages, 266; divorces, 114.

Recreation: Fishing, water sports, hunting, birding; historic sites, museums; Bay City rice festival in September.

Minerals: Oil and gas.

Agriculture: Cattle, rice, cotton, sorghum, soybeans; Some 33,000 acres irrigated. Market value $129.7 million. First in value of aquaculture.

BAY CITY (17,531) county seat; government/services, education, nuclear power plant; petrochemicals; agribusiness; hospital, junior college branch.

Palacios (4,619) tourism, seafood industry; hospital; Marine Education Center; public fishing piers; Bay Festival on Labor Day.

Other towns include: Blessing (965) historic sites; Cedar Lane (300); Collegeport (80); Elmaton (160); Markham (1,048); Matagorda (528); Midfield (305); Pledger (265); Sargent (900) retirement community, fishing, birding, commercial fishing, barbecue cookoff in April; Van Vleck (1,979); Wadsworth (160).

South Texas Nuclear Power Plant east of Collegeport

The South Texas Nuclear Power Plant east of Collegeport. Photo by Robert Plocheck.