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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

83,658
10.6
1,176.3
1,158.4
3–243
61.25
41.2
92.1
31,832
6.8
$203,533,637
$34,631
$7,104,501,367
$882,825,001

map of Liberty County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Coastal Plain county east of Houston; 60 percent in pine, hardwood timber; bisected by Trinity River; sandy, loam, black soils; Big Thicket.

Economy: Agribusiness; chemical plants; varied manufacturing; tourism; forest industries; prisons; many residents work in Houston; part of Houston metropolitan area.

location map for Liberty County

History: Karankawa tribal area until the 1740s. Spanish established Atascosito settlement in 1756. Settlers from Louisiana began arriving in the 1810s. County named for Spanish municipality, Libertad; created in 1836, organized in 1837.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 63.3; Black, 10.2; Hispanic, 24.8; Asian, 0.6; Other, 1.2; Two or more races, 1.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 1,133; deaths, 765; marriages, 431; divorces, 243.

Recreation: Big Thicket; hunting, fishing; national wildlife refuge; historic sites; Trinity Valley exposition; Liberty Opry.

Minerals: Oil, gas.

Agriculture: Beef cattle; rice is principal crop. Also nursery crops, corn, hay, sorghum, bees (first in number of colonies). Market value $34.9 million. Some lumbering.

LIBERTY (9,327) county seat; petroleum-related industry, agribusiness; library, museum, regional historical resource depository; Liberty Bell, Price Daniel House; hospital; Jubilee in March.

Cleveland (8,131) forest products processed, shipped; tourism; library; museum; hospital.

Dayton (7,995) rice, oil center.

Other towns include: Ames (1,092); Daisetta (1,086); Dayton Lakes (98); Devers (513); Hardin (883); Hull (711); Kenefick (631); North Cleveland (258); Plum Grove (648); Raywood (231); Romayor (135); Rye (150).

black-bellied whistling ducks at Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge

Black-bellied whistling ducks at Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge. Photo by Bob Stratton/USFWS.