Filed Under: 
Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

256,299
1.6
1,112.7
876.3
sea level–49
60.42
41.7
92.0
108,001
7.6
$1,805,379,420
$41,813
$30,000,687,244
$4,181,070,047

map of Jefferson County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Gulf Coast grassy plain, with timber in northwest; beach sands, sandy loams, black clay soils; drains to Neches River, Gulf of Mexico.

Economy: Government/services, petrochemical and other chemical plants, shipbuilding, steel mill, port activity, oil-field supplies.

locator map for Jefferson County

History: Atakapas and Orcoquizas, whose numbers were reduced by epidemics or migration before Anglo-American settlers arrived in the 1820s. Cajuns arrived in the 1840s; Europeans in the 1850s. Antebellum slaveholding area. County created in 1836 from Mexican municipality; organized in 1837; named for U.S. President Thomas Jefferson.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 40.4; Black, 34.3; Hispanic, 20.8; Asian, 4.0; Other, 1.1; Two or more races, 1.7.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 3,782; deaths, 2,514; marriages, 1,699; divorces, 616.

Recreation: Beaches, fresh and saltwater fishing; duck, goose hunting; water activities; Dick Dowling Monument and Park; Spindletop site, energy, fire museums; saltwater lake; J.D. Murphree WMA, McFaddin wildlife refuge, Texas Point wildlife refuge; Lamar University events; historic sites; South Texas Fair in March-April.

Minerals: Large producer of oil, gas, sulfur, salt, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: Rice, hay, beef cattle, crawfish; considerable rice irrigated. Market value $38 million. Timber sales significant.

BEAUMONT (117,245) county seat; oil and gas production, government/services, engineering and industrial services, port; Lamar University, Institute of Technology; hospitals; entertainment district; Neches River Festival in April.

PORT ARTHUR (53,706) oil, chemical activities, shrimping and crawfishing, shipping, offshore marine, tourism; hospitals; museum; prison; Asian New Year Tet, Janis Joplin Birthday Bash in January. Sabine Pass and Port Acres are now within the city limits of Port Arthur.

Other towns include: Bevil Oaks (1,227); Central Gardens (4,241); China (1,186); Fannett (2,236); Groves (15,698) retail center, some manufacturing, government/services, tourism; hospital, pecan festival in September; Hamshire (759).

Also, Nederland (17,305) petrochemical refining, retail center, education; Windmill and French/Acadian museums; extended-care hospital; Tex Ritter memorial and park; heritage festival in March (city founded by Dutch immigrants in 1898).

Also, Nome (590); Port Neches (12,680) chemical and synthetic rubber industry, manufacturing, library, riverfront park with La Maison Beausoleil, RiverFest in May; Taylor Landing (209).

Coastal prairie south of Port Arthur

The coastal prairie south of Port Arthur. Photo by Robert Plocheck.