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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

– 2.9

map of Jeff Davis County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Highest average elevation in Texas; peaks (Mt. Livermore, 8,378 ft.), canyons, plateaus; intermountain wash, clay, loam soils; cedars, oaks in highlands.

Economy: Tourism, agriculture, McDonald Observatory.

locator map for Jeff Davis County

History: Mescalero Apaches in area when Antonio de Espejo explored in 1583. U.S. Army established Fort Davis in 1854 to protect routes to west. Civilian settlers followed, including Manuel Músquiz, a political refugee from Mexico. County named for Jefferson Davis, U.S. Secretary of War, Confederate president; created in 1887 from Presidio County, organized the same year.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 62.9; Black, 1.3; Hispanic, 32.3; Asian, 1.5; Other, 1.6; Two or more races, 2.1.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 12; deaths, 16; marriages, 12; divorces, 0.

Recreation: Scenic drives including loop along Limpia Creek, Mt. Livermore, Blue Mountain; hunting; Fort Davis National Historic Site; Davis Mountains State Park; McDonald Observatory on Mt. Locke; Davis Mountains Preserve; Chihuahuan Desert Research Institute; hummingbird celebration in August.

Minerals: Not significant.

Agriculture: Greenhouse tomatoes, beef cattle, horses, meat goats. Market value $29.3 million. Hunting leases important.

FORT DAVIS (1,329), county seat; tourism, government/services, retail; library, Overland and Old Spanish trail museums; “Coolest July 4th in Texas” celebration.

Other town: Valentine (125).

The town of Fort Davis from Davis Mountain State Park
The town of Fort Davis from Davis Mountains State Park. Photo by Robert Plocheck.