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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

2,280
– 2.6
2,264.6
2,264.6
3,162–8,378
17.47
28.9
88.7
990
2.9
$7,308,393
$36,885
$520,902,650
$9,235,659

map of Jeff Davis County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Highest average elevation in Texas; peaks (Mt. Livermore, 8,378 ft.), canyons, plateaus; intermountain wash, clay, loam soils; cedars, oaks in highlands.

Economy: Tourism, agriculture, McDonald Observatory.

locator map for Jeff Davis County

History: Mescalero Apaches in area when Antonio de Espejo explored in 1583. U.S. Army established Fort Davis in 1854 to protect routes to west. Civilian settlers followed, including Manuel Músquiz, a political refugee from Mexico. County named for Jefferson Davis, U.S. Secretary of War, Confederate president; created 1887 from Presidio County, organized the same year.

 

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 61.7; Black, 1.3; Hispanic, 34.5; Asian, 1.0; Other, 1.3; Two or more races, 2.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 16; deaths, 16; marriages, 13; divorces, 1.

Recreation: Scenic drives including loop along Limpia Creek, Mt. Livermore, Blue Mountain; hunting; Fort Davis National Historic Site; state park; McDonald Observatory on Mt. Locke; solar power park; Chihuahuan Desert Research Institute; hummingbird festival in August.

Minerals: Not significant.

Agriculture: Greenhouse tomatoes, beef cattle, horses, meat goats. Hunting leases important.

FORT DAVIS (1,144), county seat; ranch center, trade, tourism, government/services; library; “Coolest July 4th in Texas.”

Other town: Valentine (115).

The town of Fort Davis from Davis Mountain State Park

The town of Fort Davis from Davis Mountains State Park. Photo by Robert Plocheck.