Filed Under: 

Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area (sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales


map of Hudspeth County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Plateau, basin terrain, draining to salt lakes; Rio Grande; mostly rocky, alkaline, clay soils and sandy loam soils, except alluvial along Rio Grande; desert, mountain vegetation. Fertile agricultural valley.

Economy: Agribusiness, mining, tourism, hunting leases.

locator map for Hudspeth County

History: Mescalero Apache area. Fort Quitman established in 1858 to protect routes to the west. Railroad in 1881 brought Anglo-American settlers. Political turmoil in Mexico (1912–1929) brought more settlers from Mexico. County named for Texas political leader Claude B. Hudspeth; created in 1917 from El Paso County, organized the same year.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 17.2; Black, 3.8; Hispanic, 76.9; Asian, 1.6; Other, 2.2; Two or more races, 2.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 45; deaths, 12; marriages, 1; divorces, 0.

Recreation: Scenic drives; fort sites; hot springs; salt basin; white sands; hunting; birding; part of Guadalupe Mountains National Park, containing unique plant life, canyons; part of Sierra Diablo Wildlife Management Area.

Minerals: Talc, stone, gypsum.

Agriculture: Most income from cotton, vegetables, hay, alfalfa; beef cattle raised; 10,000 acres irrigated. Market value $17.4 million.

SIERRA BLANCA (565) county seat; ranching center, tourist stop on interstate highway; adobe courthouse; 4th of July fair, livestock show in January.

Other towns include: Dell City (378) agriculture, government/services, telephone co-op; some of largest water wells in state, Dell Valley Hudspeth fair in September, and Fort Hancock (1,817).

Guadalupe Mountains beyond irrigated fields of Dell City

The Guadalupe Mountains beyond the irrigated fields of Dell City. Photo by Robert Plocheck.