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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. mean. min.
July mean max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

4,129
8.5
912.2
906.3
2,170–3,000
21.77
21.2
93.2
2,171
2.5
$30,158,349
$88,255
$1,872,705,000
$32,848,137

map of Hemphill County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Panhandle county; sloping surface, broken by Canadian, Washita rivers; sandy, red, dark soils.

Economy: Oil and gas, agriculture, tourism and hunting, government/services.

locator map for Hemphill County

History: Apaches who were in the area were later pushed out by Comanches and Kiowas. The tribes were removed to the Indian Territory in 1875. Ranching began in the late 1870s. Farmers began to arrive after 1900. County created from the Bexar and Young districts in 1876 and organized in 1887; named for Republic of Texas Justice John Hemphill.

Race/Ethnicity: (in percent) Anglo, 64.3; Black, 0.6; Hispanic, 33.0; Asian, 0.9; Other, 2.2; Two or more races, 1.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 66; deaths, 34; marriages, 43; divorces, 19.

Recreation: Lake Marvin; fall foliage tour; hunting, fishing; Indian Battleground, wildlife management area; museum; 4th of July rodeo; prairie chicken viewing in April.

Minerals: Oil, natural gas, caliche.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, wheat, horses, hay, alfalfa; some irrigation. Market value $110.6 million. Hunting leases, nature tourism.

CANADIAN (2,960) county seat; oil, gas production; hospital; art foundation.

Landscape southwest of Canadian along U.S. 60

The landscape along U.S. 60 southwest of Canadian. Photo by Robert Plocheck.