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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

66,661
1.6
915.8
900.0
168–600
50.18
35.3
92.3
29,017
4.9
$280,759,511
$40,068
$7,551,871,192
$618,972,777

map of Harrison County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: East Texas county; hilly, rolling; over half forested; Sabine River; Caddo Lake, Brandy Branch Reservoir.

Economy: Oil, gas processing, lumbering, pottery, other varied manufacturing.

locator map for Harrison County

History: Area was populated by agriculturist Caddo Indians whose numbers were reduced by disease. Anglo-Americans arrived in the 1830s. In 1850, the county had more slaves than any other in the state. County created in 1839 from Shelby County; organized in 1842. Named for eloquent advocate of the Texas Revolution, Jonas Harrison.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 63.3; Black, 21.2; Hispanic, 13.5; Asian, 0.8; Other, 1.3; Two or more races, 1.7.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 826; deaths, 677; marriages, 468; divorces, 115.

Recreation: Fishing, other water activities on Caddo and other lakes; hunting; plantation homes, historic sites; Stagecoach Days in May; Old Courthouse Museum; Old World Store; state park, performing arts; Fire Ant festival in October.

Minerals: Oil, gas, lignite coal, clays, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay. Also, poultry, nursery plants, horses, vegetables, watermelons. Market value $19 million. Hunting leases important. Substantial timber industry.

MARSHALL(24,777) county seat; petroleum and lumber processing, varied manufacturing; civic center; historic sites, including Starr Family State Historic Site; hospital; Wiley College, East Texas Baptist University; Wonderland of Lights in December.

Other towns include: Elysian Fields (500); Hallsville (4,203) government/services, utilities, Western Days in October, museum; Harleton (390); Jonesville (70); Karnack (350); Nesbitt (270); Scottsville (393); Uncertain (105) tourism, fishing, hunting, Mayhaw Festival in May; Waskom (2,205) oil, gas, ranching, Armadillo Daze in April; Woodlawn (550).

Also, part [1,870] of Longview.

Caddo Lake

Caddo Lake. Photo by Ron Billings/Texas Forest Service.