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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

5,538
– 1.3
920.4
919.8
2,750–3,378
21.19
24.8
95.6
2,759
2.2
$24,957,828
$86,619
$1,047,667,335
$43,566,639

map of Hansford County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: High Plains, many playas, creeks, draws; sandy, loam, black soils; underground water; Palo Duro Reservoir.

Economy: Agribusinesses; oil, gas operations; wind energy.

locator map for Hansford County

History: Apaches in area, later pushed out by Comanches around 1700. The U.S. Army removed the Comanches to the Indian Territory in 1874-1875, and ranching began soon afterward. Farmers, including Norwegians, moved in around 1900. County created in 1876, from the Bexar, Young districts and organized in 1889; named for jurist J.M. Hansford.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 51.6; Black, 1.0; Hispanic, 46.5; Asian, 0.4; Other, 1.6; Two or more races, 1.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 91; deaths, 53; marriages, 36; divorces, 4.

Recreation: Stationmasters House Museum, hunting, lake activities, ecotourism, Lindbergh landing site.

Minerals: Production of gas, oil.

Agriculture: Large cattle-feeding operations; corn, wheat (first in acreage), sorghum; hogs. Substantial irrigation. Market value $783.2 million.

SPEARMAN (3,403) county seat; farming, cattle production, oil and gas, wind energy, biofuels; hospital, library, windmill collection; Heritage Days in May with rib cookoff.

Other towns include: Gruver (1,184) farm-ranch market, natural gas production, Fourth of July barbecue; Morse (137).

Skyline of Gruver

Skyline of Gruver. Photo by Robert Plocheck.