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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. mean. min.
July mean max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

22,725
0.8
929.3
926.0
2,450–3,320
23.19
23.3
91.4
7,911
4.8
$88,774,724
$47,024
$2,089,011,930
$289,676,837

map of Gray County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: High Plains, broken by Red River forks, tributaries; sandy loam, waxy soils.

Economy: Petroleum, agriculture, government/services.

locator map for Gray County

History: Apaches, displaced by Comanches and Kiowas. Ranching began in the late 1870s. Farmers arrived around 1900. Oil discovered in 1926. County created in 1876, from Bexar District; organized in 1902; named for Peter W. Gray, member of first Legislature.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 63.4; Black, 5.5; Hispanic, 28.9; Asian, 0.6; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 2.0. 

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 340; deaths, 267; marriages, 199; divorces, 97.

Recreation: Water sports, Lake McClellan and grassland; White Deer Land Museum, barbed-wire museum; Top of Texas livestock show in January.

Minerals: Natural gas, oil.

Agriculture: Cattle, hogs, wheat, cotton, corn, sorghum, hay, milk. Market value $207.7 million.

PAMPA (18,250) county seat; petroleum, agriculture; hospital; college; prison; Woody Guthrie museum; Mud Bog car show in June.

Other towns include: Alanreed (48); Lefors (516); McLean (790) commercial center for southern part of county.

a ranch gate near McLean

A ranch gate along Texas 273 near McLean. Photo by Robert Plocheck.