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Physical Features: Picturesque Edwards Plateau area with hills, broken by spring-fed streams.
Economy: Tourism, government/services, agriculture, wine and specialty foods, hunting leases.
History: German settlement founded in 1846 in heart of Comanche country. County created in 1848 from Bexar, Travis counties, organized the same year; named for Texas Ranger Capt. R.A. Gillespie. Birthplace of President Lyndon B. Johnson and Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz.
Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 76.7; Black, 1.3; Hispanic, 21.4; Asian, 0.2; Other, 1.5.
Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 256; deaths, 303; marriages, 193; divorces, 68.
Recreation: Among leading deer-hunting areas; numerous historic sites and tourist attractions include LBJ Ranch, Nimitz Hotel and Pacific war museum; Pioneer Museum Complex, Enchanted Rock, wineries, produce stands.
Minerals: Sand, gravel.
Agriculture: Beef cattle, wine, hay, peaches (first in acreage). Market value $46.1 million. Hunting leases important.
FREDERICKSBURG (11,111) county seat; agribusiness, tourism, wineries, food processing; museum; tourist attractions; hospital; Easter Fires, Oktoberfest.
Other towns include: Doss (100); Harper (1,356) ranching, deer hunting, Dachshund Hounds Downs race and Trades Day in October; Luckenbach (25) saloon, general store and dance hall; Stonewall (556) agribusiness, wineries, tourism, hunting, Peach Jamboree in June, and Willow City (22) scenic drive.
Lange's Mill, which dates from 1849, near Doss. Photo by Robert Plocheck.