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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
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Per Capita Inc.
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 map of El Paso County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Westernmost county, in fertile Rio Grande Valley; 7,000-foot mountains; desert vegetation except where irrigated.

Economy: Government, military are major economic factors; wholesale and retail distribution center, education, tourism, maquiladora plants, varied manufacturing, oil refining, cotton, food processing.

locator map for El Paso County

History: Various Indian tribes inhabited the valley before Spanish civilization arrived in the late 1650s. Agriculture in area dates to at least 100 A.D. Spanish along with Tigua and Piro tribes fleeing Santa Fe uprising of 1680 sought refuge in the area. County created from the Bexar District in 1849; organized in 1850; named for historic pass (El Paso del Norte), lowest all-weather pass through the southern Rocky Mountains.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 11.6; Black, 4.0; Hispanic, 82.9; Asian, 1.4; Other, 1.3; Two or more races, 1.5.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 13,521; deaths, 5,296; marriages, 6,809; divorces, 98.

Recreation: Gateway to Mexico; Chamizal National Memorial and museum; major tourist center; December Sun Carnival with football game; Franklin Mountians State Park, Hueco Tanks State Historic Site, mountain tramway, missions and other historic sites.

Minerals: Production of cement, stone, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: Dairies, cattle, cotton, pecans (second in sales), onions, forage, peppers. 30,000 acres irrigated, mostly cotton. Market value $46.7 million.

Education: University of Texas at El Paso, UT School of Nursing at El Paso, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso Community College.

EL PASO (681,877) county seat; Texas’ sixth-largest city and metro area, largest U.S. city on Mexican border.

A center for government operations. Federal installations include Fort Bliss, home of the U.S. Army 1st Armored Division, William Beaumont General Hospital, and La Tuna federal prison.

Manufactured products include clothing, electronics, auto equipment, plastics; trade and distribution; refining; processing oil, food, cotton, and other farm products.

Hospitals; museums; convention center; theater, symphony orchestra.

Other towns include: Anthony (5,677 in Texas, 9,360 in New Mexico); Canutillo (7,055); Clint (1,211); Fabens (8,429); Homestead Meadows North (5,544); Homestead Meadows South (7,758); Horizon City (19,932); Prado Verde (275); San Elizario (14,268), red & green chile war festival in September; Socorro (34,887) settled in 1680; Sparks (5,410); Tornillo (1,452); Vinton (2,069); Westway (4,133), and Ysleta (now within El Paso) settled in 1680, called the oldest town in Texas.

And, Fort Bliss (9,637).

El Paso from the Sunset Heights neighborhood

El Paso from the Sunset Heights neighborhood. Photo by Robert Plocheck.