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Population (of county): The county population estimate of July 1, 2019, by the U.S. Census Bureau. The line following gives the percentage of increase or decrease from the 2010 U.S. census count. The previous decennial census counts are available on the Population page.

Area: Total area in square miles, including water surfaces, as determined in the 2010 U.S. census.

Land Area: The land area in square miles as determined by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2010.

Altitude (ft.): Principally from U.S. Geological Survey topographic maps, including revisions available in 2008. Not all of the surface of Texas has been precisely surveyed for elevation; in some cases data are from the Texas Railroad Commission or the Texas Department of Transportation.

Climate: Provided by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration state climatologist, College Station. Data are revised at 10-year intervals to cover the previous three decades. Listed are the latest compilations, as of Feb. 1, 2013, and reflect data compiled during 1981–2010. The data pertain to a particular site within the county (usually the county seat). Included are, normal rainfall (annual average in inches); normal temperature (in degrees Fahrenheit); January average minimum and July average maximum.

Workforce/Wages: Prepared by the Texas Workforce Commission, Austin, in cooperation with the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor. The data are computed from reports by all establishments subject to the Texas Unemployment Compensation Act.

(Agricultural employers are subject to the act if they employ as many as three workers for 20 weeks or pay cash wages of $6,250 in a quarter. Employers who pay $1,000 in wages in a quarter for domestic services are subject also. Still not mandatorily covered are self-employed, unpaid family workers, and those employed by churches and some small nonprofit organizations.)

The work/wage data include (state total, lowest county and highest county included here):

Civilian labor force as of June 2020. Texas, 13,844,386; Kenedy County, 182; Harris County, 2,302,599.

(In March 2020 the figures were: Texas, 14,075,576; Kenedy County, 208; Harris County, 2,331,536.)

Unemployed: The unemployment rate (percentage of workforce) as of June 2020. Texas, 8.9; Loving County, 0.7; Starr County, 18.5.

(In March 2020 the figures were: Texas, 4.7; Loving County, 0.7; Starr County, 16.0.)

Wages: The total wages paid in the fourth quarter of 2019. Texas, $197,052,305,009; King County, $1,636,517; Harris County, $44,027,842,359.

Per Capita Income is for 2018 as reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce. Texas statewide, $50,355. Shackelford County has the highest with $130,461. The lowest is Concho County, $19,801.

Property Values: Appraised gross market value of real and personal property in each county in 2018 as reported to the State Property Tax Board.

Retail Sales: Figures for 2019 as reported to the state Comptroller of Public Accounts.