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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

7,200
7.5
1,505.3
1,503.3
3,655–4,780
17.59
18.3
91.1
4,001
2.1
$48,599,015
$54,562
$1,628,531,651
$111,792,610

map of Dallam County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Prairie, broken by creeks; playas; sandy, loam soils; Rita Blanca National Grassland.

Economy: Agribusiness, dairies, cheese manufacturing, tourism.

locator map for Dallam County

History: Plains Apaches, displaced by Comanches and Kiowas. Ranching developed in the late 19th century. Farming began after 1900. County created from Bexar District in 1876, organized in 1891. Named for lawyer-editor James W. Dallam.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 48.0; Black, 2.4; Hispanic, 47.4; Asian, 1.2; Other, 2.5; Two or more races, 1.5. 

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 157; deaths, 38; marriages, 223; divorces, 32.

Recreation: XIT museum, XIT rodeo in August, pheasant hunting, wildlife, grasslands.

Minerals: Petroleum.

Agriculture: A leader in production of grain (corn, wheat, sorghum). Cattle, hogs (third in sales), dairies, potatoes, sunflowers, beans. Substantial irrigation; some 150,000 acres. Market value $634.9 million.

DALHART (8,244, partly in Hartley County) county seat; government/services; agribusiness center for parts of Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma; railroad; cheese plant; grain operations; junior college branch; hospital; prison.

Other towns include: Kerrick (35) and Texline (531).

Dallam County Courthouse.

The Dallam County Courthouse. Photo by Robert Plocheck.