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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

10,193
– 5.2
1,116.8
1,088.7
791–1,200
32.68
28.7
96.6
4,722
3.2
$11,767,185
$42,079
$2,198,154,640
$73,676,768

map of Clay County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Hilly, rolling; Northwest county drains to Red, Trinity rivers; Lake Arrowhead; sandy loam, chocolate soils; mesquites, post oaks.

Economy: Oil, agribusiness, commuting.

locator map for Clay County

History: Wichitas arrived from north-central plains in mid-1700s, followed by Apaches and Comanches. Ranching attempts began in 1850s. County created from Cooke County, 1857; Indians forced disorganization, 1862; reorganized, 1873; named for Henry Clay, U.S. statesman.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 90.3; Black, 0.7; Hispanic, 5.9; Asian, 0.3; Other, 1.4; Two or more races, 2.2.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 82; deaths, 131; marriages, 70; divorces, 27.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting, horses, water sports; state park; pioneer reunion in September.

Minerals: Oil and gas, stone.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, wheat, pecans, peaches, dairy cattle. Market value $79.8 million. Oaks, cedar, elms sold to nurseries, mesquite cut for firewood.

HENRIETTA (3,061) county seat; agribusiness, government/services, manufacturing; hospital; museum; Turkey Fest in April.

Other towns include: Bellevue (351), Bluegrove (135), Byers (492), Dean (475), Jolly (158), Petrolia (661).

Byers in Clay County

The farming community of Byers from FM 171 east of town. Photo by Robert Plocheck.