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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales


map of Cherokee County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.

Physical Features: East Texas county; hilly, partly forested; drains to Angelina River, Neches River; many streams; Lake Palestine, Lake Striker, Lake Jacksonville; sandy, clay soils.

Economy: Government/services, varied manufacturing, agribusiness.

locator map for Cherokee County

History: Caddo tribes attracted Spanish missionaries around 1720. Cherokees began settling area around 1820, and soon afterward Anglo-Americans began to arrive. Cherokees forced to Indian Territory in 1839. Named for Indian tribe; created and organized in 1846 from Nacogdoches County.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 60.0; Black, 14.5; Hispanic, 23.8; Asian, 0.6; Other, 1.8; Two or more races, 2.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 827; deaths, 557; marriages, 319; divorces, 152.

Recreation: Water sports; fishing, hunting; Caddo Mounds State Historic Site, Jim Hogg State Historic Site, Neches River National Wildlife Refuge; Texas State Railroad, Rusk Park; I.D. Fairchild State Forest, nature trails through forests; lakes.

Minerals: Gas, oil.

Agriculture: Nurseries (second in the state in value of sales), hay, beef cattle, dairies, poultry. Market value $72.9 million. Timber, hunting income significant.

RUSK (5,745) county seat; agribusiness, tourism, state mental hospital, prison unit; historic footbridge, heritage festival in October.

JACKSONVILLE (15,138) varied manufacturing, plastics, agribusiness, tourism, retail center; hospitals, junior colleges; Love’s Lookout; Tomato Fest in June.

Other towns include: Alto (1,282) farming, timber, light manufacturing, pecan festival in November; Cuney (138); Gallatin (440); Maydelle (250); New Summerfield (1,214); Reklaw (384, partly in Rusk County); Wells (846). Part [47] of Bullard and part [61] of Troup.

Caddo Mounds in Cherokee County
Atop one of the mounds at the site of the Nueces Indian Village. Photo by Robert Plocheck.