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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

7,530
– 6.6
899.3
894.4
3,565–4,000
21.22
21.3
91.0
3,172
4.1
$26,674,513
$42,786
$1,769,071,410
$65,681,283

map of Castro County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.
 

Physical Features: Flat Panhandle county, drains to creeks, draws and playas; underground water.

Economy: Agribusiness.

locator map for Castro County

History: Apaches, displaced by Comanches in the 1720s. Anglo-American ranchers began settling in the 1880s. Germans settled after 1900. Mexican migration increased after 1950. County created in 1876 from Bexar District, organized in 1891. Named for Henri Castro, Texas colonizer.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 30.8; Black, 2.7; Hispanic, 65.7; Asian, 0.7; Other, 1.8; Two or more races, 1.0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 125; deaths, 65; marriages, 44; divorces, 16.

Recreation: Pheasant hunting; Playa Lakes Wildlife Management Area; Italian POW camp site; Dimmitt Harvest Days celebrated in August.

Minerals: Insignificant.

Agriculture: Beef cattle (second in value of sales), dairies, corn, cotton, wheat, sheep. Market value $2.73 billion; third in state.

DIMMITT (4,174) county seat; agribusiness center; library, hospital; quilt festival in April.

Other towns include: Hart (1,064) and Nazareth (304) German festival/Suds & Sounds in July.

Grain elevators at Dimmitt.

Grain elevators at Dimmitt. Photo by Robert Plocheck.