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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

sea level–67

map of Cameron County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.

Physical Features: Southernmost county in rich Rio Grande Valley soils; flat landscape; semitropical climate; Loma Alta Lake.

Economy: Agribusiness, tourism, seafood processing, shipping, manufacturing, government/services.

locator map for Cameron County

History: Coahuiltecan tribal area. Spanish land grants date to 1781. County created from Nueces County in 1848, organized the same year; named for Capt. Ewen Cameron of Mier Expedition.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 8.8; Black, 0.8; Hispanic, 89.8; Asian, 0.8; Other, 0.8; Two or more races, 0.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 7,238; deaths, 2,684; marriages, 2,305; divorces, 651.

Recreation: South Padre Island: year-round resort; fishing, hunting, water sports; historical sites, Palo Alto National Historical Park; gateway to Mexico; Port Isabel Lighthouse State Historic Site, Resaca de la Palma State Park; Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge, Las Palomas Wildlife Management Area; recreational vehicle center.

Minerals: Natural gas, oil.

Agriculture: Cotton, grain sorghums, vegetables, corn, citrus. Some 10,000 acres in sugar cane. Wholesale nursery plants raised. Small feedlot and cow-calf operations. Some 112,000 acres irrigated, mostly cotton and grain sorghums. Market value $122.6 million.

BROWNSVILLE (185,625) county seat; international trade, varied industries, shipping, tourism; college, hospitals, crippled children health center; Gladys Porter Zoo, historic Fort Brown; University of Texas–Rio Grande Valley, Texas Southmost College.

Harlingen (68,328) health care, government/services, tourism; hospitals; college extension campuses; nature center; birding festival in November.

San Benito (24,640) retail center, tourism, agriculture; hospital; museums, arts center, historic buildings; recreation facilities, including walking/jogging trail; ResacaFest on July 4.

South Padre Island (2,833) beaches, tourism/convention center, real estate and construction; birding/nature center, Sandcastle Days in October, Spring Break in March.

Other towns include: Bayview (408); Bluetown (365); Cameron Park (7,532); Combes (3,107); Encantada-Ranchito El Calaboz (2,233); Indian Lake (860); La Feria (7,814); Laguna Heights (4,229); Laguna Vista (3,280); Laureles (3,629); Los Fresnos (8,030) Little Graceland Museum, Butterfly Farm, library; Los Indios (1,060); Olmito (1,169); Palm Valley (1,259).

Also, Port Isabel (5,180) tourist center, fishing, museums, old lighthouse, Shrimp Cook-Off in November; Primera (5,146); Rancho Viejo (2,573); Rangerville (355); Rio Hondo (2,720); Santa Maria (674); Santa Rosa (2,758).

South Padre Island across from Port Isabel
Laguna Madre separates South Padre Island, in the distance, from Port Isabel. Photo by Robert Plocheck.