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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

9,337
1.1
6,192.3
6,183.7
1,400–7,825
17.00
30.3
88.5
3,785
4.0
$39,226,325
$43,579
$1,191,402,216
$86,363,189

map of Brewster County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.
 
 

Physical Features: Largest county, with area slightly less than that of Connecticut plus Rhode Island; mountains, canyons, distinctive geology, plant life, animals.

Economy: Agriculture, tourism,  government/services, Sul Ross State University, mining.

locator map for Brewster County

History: Pueblo culture had begun when Spanish explored in the 1500s. Mescalero Apaches in Chisos Mountains; Comanches raided in area. Ranching developed in northern part in the 1880s, with Mexican agricultural communities along river. County created, organized, 1887 from Presidio County; named for Henry P. Brewster, Republic secretary of war.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 50.3; Black, 1.5; Hispanic, 45.4; Asian, 1.2; Other, 1.9; Two or more races, 2.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 96; deaths, 81; marriages, 63; divorces, 0.

Recreation: Big Bend National Park, Big Bend Ranch State Park, Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River; ghost towns, scenic drives; hunting; museum; rockhound areas; cavalry post, Barton Warnock Environmental Education Center at Lajitas; cowboy poetry and Western art show in Feburary; Terlingua chili cookoff in November.

Minerals: Bentonite.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, meat goats, horses. Market value $9.9 million. Hunting leases important.

ALPINE (6,009) county seat; ranch trade center, tourism, varied manufacturing; Sul Ross State University; hospital.

Marathon (407) tourism, ranching center, Gage Hotel, Marathon Basin quilt show in October.

Also, Basin (30); Study Butte (254), and Terlingua (49).

 Sul Ross State University at Alpine.
Sul Ross State University sits on a hillside at Alpine. Photo by Robert Plocheck.