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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
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map of Bowie County
Click to enlarge.
Map Legend.

Physical Features: Forested hills at northeast corner of the state; clay, sandy, alluvial soils; drained by Red River and Sulphur River; Wright Patman Lake.

Economy: Government/services, lumber, manufacturing, agribusiness.

locator map for Bowie County

History: Caddo tribal area, abandoned in the 1790s after trouble with the Osage tribe. Anglo-Americans began arriving 1815-1820. County created and organized in 1840 from Red River County; named for the Alamo hero James Bowie.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 63.1; Black, 25.4; Hispanic, 7.8; Asian, 1.2; Other, 1.2; Two or more races, 2.5.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 1,259; deaths, 1,076; marriages, 572; divorces, 377.

Recreation: Lake activities, Crystal Springs beach; hunting, fishing; historic sites; Four-States Fair in September, Octoberfest.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sand, gravel.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, pecans, hay, corn, poultry, soybeans, dairy, nurseries, wheat, rice, horses, milo. Market value $60.1 million. Pine timber, hardwoods, pulpwood harvested.

NEW BOSTON (4,660) site of county courthouse; army depot, lumber mill, steel manufacture, agribusiness, state prison; Pioneer Days in August. The area of Boston, officially designated as the county seat, has been annexed by New Boston.

TEXARKANA (38,816 in Texas, 29,972 in Arkansas) rubber company, paper manufacturing, distribution; hospitals; tourism; colleges; federal prison; Perot Theatre; Quadrangle Festival in September.

Other towns include: De Kalb (1,712) agriculture, government/services, commuting to Texarkana, Oktoberfest; Hooks (2,774); Leary (491); Maud (1,079); Nash (3,858); Red Lick (1,054); Redwater (1,126); Simms (300); Wake Village (5,757).

Bowie pronunciation


Federal Courthouse in Texarkana
The Federal Courthouse in Texarkana is located on the state line, half in Texas and half in Arkansas. Photo by Robert Plocheck.