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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

29,758
4.7
656.4
646.5
70–463
41.75
39.7
93.2
13,957
3.9
$114,062,217
$51,260
$5,229,303,300
$286,270,290

 map of Austin County
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Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Level to hilly, drained by San Bernard, Brazos rivers; black prairie to sandy upland soils.

Economy: Agribusiness; tourism, government/services; metal, other manufacturing; commuting to Houston.

locator map for Austin County

History: Tonkawa Indian tribal area; reduced by diseases. Birthplace of Anglo-American colonization, 1821, and German mother colony at Industry, 1831. County created and organized in 1837; named for Stephen F. Austin, father of Texas.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 62.8; Black, 9.3; Hispanic, 26.5; Asian, 0.7; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 1.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 363; deaths, 272; marriages, 173; divorces, 107.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting; state park, Pioneer Trail; Bellville Country Livin’ festival in April; Lone Star Raceway Park.

Minerals: Oil and natural gas.

Agriculture: Beef production and hay. Also rice, corn, sorghum, nursery crops, grapes, pecans. Market value $43.5 million.

BELLVILLE (4,432) county seat; varied manufacturing; hospital; oil.

SEALY (6,542) oil-field and military vehicle manufacturing, varied industries; Blinn College branch; polka fest in March.

Other towns include: Bleiblerville (125); Brazos Country (512); Cat Spring (200); Frydek (900) Grotto celebration in April; Industry (320); Kenney (957); New Ulm (974) retail, art festival in April; San Felipe (815) colonial capital of Texas; Wallis (1,325) autofest in October.

Austin County Jail
The old Austin County Jail in Bellville. Photo by Larry D. Moore (CC).