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Change fm 2010
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map of Anderson County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Forested, hilly East Texas county, slopes to Trinity and Neches rivers; Lake Palestine; sandy, clay, black soils; pines, hardwoods.

Economy: Manufacturing, distribution, agribusiness, tourism; hunting and fishing leases; prison units.

 Anderson County locator map

History: Comanche, Waco, other tribes. Anglo-American settlers arrived in the 1830s. Antebellum slaveholding area. County created and organized from Houston County in 1846; named for K.L. Anderson, last vice president of the Republic of Texas.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 58.3; Black, 21.9; Hispanic, 18.2; Asian, 0.9; Other, 0.9; Two or more races, 1.7.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 636; deaths, 655; marriages, 352; divorces, 102.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting, streams, lakes; dogwood trails; Neches River National Wildlife Refuge, Engeling Wildlife Management Area, Big Lake Bottom Wildlife Management Area; historic sites; Texas State Railroad depot, Palestine Park; museums.

Minerals: Oil and gas.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay, truck vegetables, melons, pecans, peaches. Ranks first in bee inventory and honey collected. Market value $92.9 million. Timber sold.

PALESTINE (18,882), county seat; medical services, education, transportation; clothing, metal, wood products; scientific balloon station; historic bakery; library; vocational-technical facilities; hospital; UT-Tyler extension, community college; Museum of East Texas Culture; hot pepper festival in October.

Other towns include: Cayuga (137); Elkhart (1,314); Frankston (1,221), tourism, packaging industry, oil and gas, commuters to Tyler; depot museum, Square Fair in October; Montalba (110); Neches (175); and Tennessee Colony (300) site of state prisons.

Landscape from Anderson County

Landscape near Engeling Wildlife Management Area. Photo by Robert Plocheck.