Fire devastation at Possum Kingdom Lake in 2011.

The devastation at Possum Kingdom Lake in April 2011. Texas Parks & Wildlife photo.

        June 9, 2010: Flash Flood. New Braunfels. Storms produced rains in excess of 11 inches, which caused the Guadalupe River to rise over 20 feet in just two hours. Campers, vehicles, boats, homes, and businesses suffered extensive damages along the riverbanks. This flash flood resulted in one death and over $10 million in damage.

         July 2, 2010: Tornado. Hebbronville. An EF1 tornado that developed along the residual shear left behind from Hurricane Alex caused considerable damage in Hebbronville. Over half of the town’s population lost power. and the tornado was reported to be as wide as a football field. The estimated damage was $1.5 million.

         July 4, 2010: Flood. Terry, Lubbock, Garza, and Lynn counties. A series of thunderstorms erupted in the early morning of the Fourth of July over the west South Texas Plains. Local flooding caused numerous roadway closures and damage to over 100 vehicles. While there were no injuries, local officials estimated that over 300 homes and businesses were affected and the economic losses were around $16.5 million.

         July 8, 2010: Flood. Starr County. Another storm that formed in the aftermath of Hurricane Alex, this system dumped an estimated 50 inches or more of rain on the lower Rio Grande Valley over 10 days leading up to July 8. Falcon Reservoir rose during days of rain and finally spilled over on the 8th. The Rio Grande was nearly 2 miles wide at some points. The estimated cost was around $37 million.

         Oct. 24, 2010: Tornado. Rice, Navarro County. An intense EF2 tornado struck the town of Rice with maximum winds of 135 mph. Vehicles were overturned on Interstate 45 and 11 train cars were derailed when the tornado hit the railroad tracks. The football, baseball, and softball fields of the local high school were damaged. and the intermediate school lost the gymnasium roof and suffered a caved in wall. The economic loss was estimated at $1 million.

         Jan. 8, 2011: Heavy Snow. North Texas. Between 3–7 inches of snow fell across Northeast Texas, causing hundreds of vehicle accidents, including more than 40 in Sherman and one fatality. Total damage, $1 million.

         Feb. 27, 2011: Wildfire. West Texas. High winds and temperatures produced a series of wildfire complexes. The costliest was at Lake Tanglewood, in Randall County, burning 1,659 acres and destroying 26 homes at a cost of $25 million. The biggest was in Potter and Carson counties, burning 24,310 acres and 29 homes at a cost of $10 million. A combination of fires near Lubbock, Matador, Post, and Levelland burned 60,500 acres and several urban dwellings, costing $3.45 million.

         March 11, 2011: Wildfire. Jack, Wise counties. High heat, dry air, and high winds produced several fires in North-Central Texas. More than 10,000 acres burned, including fields of hay bales worth $4 million. Three injuries were reported; other property losses were around $1 million.

         April 6, 2011: Wildfire. Swenson, Stonewall County. A wildfire near Swenson was spawned during critical fire conditions due to a cutting torch. The fire burned for 15 days, burning 122,500 acres of grass and ranchland; damage, $2.54 million.

         April 9–13, 2011: Wildfire. Possum Kingdom Lake. Drought and high winds helped spark a massive fire complex that burned for 16 days, destroying 167 homes, 126 other buildings, and 90 percent of Possum Kingdom State Park — about 126,734 acres total. Damage was $120 million, not including the estimated $11 million needed to combat the fire, nor the loss of cattle.

         April 9, 2011: Wildfire. West Texas. Dry conditions near the Pecos River spawned two fires near Midland and Marfa. The former burned 16,500 acres and 34 homes, causing 500 evacuations; the latter was caused by an electrical problem and burned 314,444 acres, 41 homes, and hundreds of cattle and utility poles. Total property damage was estimated at $7.7 million.

         April 15, 2011: Wildfire. Cisco. Dry conditions caused several wildfires in Northwest Texas. The largest was near Cisco, burning around 2,000 acres and destroying five homes. The fires burned 18,000 acres, costing $1.01 million.

         April 17, 2011: Wildfire. Oak Hill, Travis County. Dry conditions and human negligence combined to cause a wildfire in Travis County. Although it covered only 100 acres, it destroyed 11 homes and damage estimates reached $2 million.

         April 19, 2011: Hail. North Texas. A series of supercells brought widespread hail ranging from 0.75 inches to 3.5 inches over the course of the 5-hour storm. Damage was around $1 million.

         April 25–26, 2011: Supercells. East Texas. An upper level trough brought severe storms to East Texas for two days. On the 25th, 3 tornadoes touched down in Cherokee and Angelina counties, including two EF-1s; moderate hail was seen and downburst winds of 90-plus mph were reported. The next day, 10 tornadoes were reported, two of which were EF-1s near Ben Wheeler and Groesbeck, causing injuries. Total damage, $2.718 million.

         May 1, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. Clyde, Callahan County. Isolated thunderstorms popped up in the Big Country near Abilene, bringing hail and strong winds. In Clyde, straight-line winds were reported in excess of 100 mph; damage, $2 million.

         May 11, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. Scattered thunderstorms from Killeen to Burns in Bowie County caused strong winds, hail, flash flooding, and an EF-0 tornado near Lake Kiowa; damage, $1 million.

         June 18, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. Meunster.Thunderstorms followed by a strong microburst in the early evening and straight-line winds greater than 80 mph caused widespread damage in excess of $1.36 million.

         June 20–21, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. East Texas. Severe thunderstorms culminated in strong downburst winds, hail, and an EF-0 tornado. Winds greater than 80 mph occurred in Nacogdoches and San Augustine, a tornado in Shelby County, and moderate hail; damage, $1.04 million.

         June 28, 2011: Thunderstorm Wind. Titus County.Thunderstorms with 65 mph winds caused widespread damage at a cost of $1.6 million.

         Aug. 11, 2011: Flash Flood. Lubbock. Scattered thunderstorms brought heavy rain, wind, and hail to the Lubbock area. Some area received 1–4 inches of rain in an hour, causing high water damage to homes and vehicles. Farm and weather equipment in Dimmit were damaged by 90 mph winds. Total damage, $1.175 million.

         September–October 2011: Wildfires. Bastrop County. Three separate fires that began Sept. 4 merged into a single blaze east of the city of Bastrop and became known as the Bastrop County Complex fire. The fire destroyed 1,691 homes and much of Bastrop State Park was burned. Declared the most destructive wildfire in Texas history, it was finally extinguished on Oct. 29.

         Oct. 9, 2011: Tornado. San Antonio. An EF-1 tornado with winds up to 90–100 mph tore apart roofs, utility poles, and vehicles; damage, $1 million.

         Jan. 9, 2012 Supercells. South Texas. Squall-line thunderstorms, hail, and an EF-1 tornado hit southeast of Alice International Airport and parts of Robstown, causing an estimated $5 million in damage. Other straight-line winds and hail caused total damage of $8.66 million.

         March 29, 2012: Hail. McAllen. Strong thunderstorms, with wind gusts over 70 mph at Edinburg Airport, and severe hail up to 2.75 inches caused $50 million in property damage to homes and $1 million to crops. Rainfall between 4–6 inches fell in less than two hours, causing $5 million in flood damage.

         April 16, 2012: Tornadoes. Flash Floods. Gregory, San Patricio County. Thunderstorms along the Coastal Bend caused four tornadoes, including an EF-1 in Portland, two EF-0 tornadoes in Gregory, and another in Kleberg County. The Portland tornado caused $2 million in damage to homes and property. Around 80 percent of all homes in Gregory were flooded when storms dumped 2–6 inches of rain; some locations received up to 15 inches over several hours. Total damages topped $8.3 million.

         April 29, 2012: Hail. Lubbock County. Several severe storms blew up in West Texas near Lubbock with damaging hail and winds. Hailstones up to 4.5 inches fell in Whitharral, and winds gusts up to 95 mph near Wolfforth tore apart homes and cars. Damage estimates were $20 million from hail in west Lubbock and more than $5 million from wind.

         Nov. 22, 2012: Fog. Winnie, Chambers County. Dense fog early Thanksgiving morning caused a massive 150-car pileup on both sides of Interstate-10, causing two deaths and 80 injuries, 12 serious. Vehicular damage was $6 million.

         Dec. 19, 2012: Dust Storm. Lubbock. A strong Pacific front kicked up winds up to 70 mph, reducing visibility below 1/2 mile for more than 5 hours, the longest such event since 1977; property damage, $1 million.

         Dec. 25, 2012: Heavy Snow. North Texas. A moderate cold front and minor storms in North Texas produced wrap-around snow between 3–6 inches that caused 89 traffic accidents and costing $1.2 million.

        May 15, 2013: Tornado Outbreak. North Texas. A deadly tornado outbreak in North Texas claimed the lives of six people and injured more than 100 others. $250 million in damages were a result of an EF4 tornado in Mambrino and an EF3 tornado in Cleburne.

        May 28, 2013: Hailstorm. Amarillo. A massive hailstorm moving through the Amarillo area dropped hail as big as baseballs and caused $200 million in damages. An estimated 35,000 vehicles and thousands of homes in Amarillo were damaged.

        June 5, 2013: Hailstorm. Lubbock. Baseball-sized hail along with winds in excess of 90 mph caused more than $400 million in property damage in Lubbock. There were numerous reports of damage to homes, vehicles, as well as downed trees and power lines.

       October 30–31, 2014: Flash Flooding. Travis County. Six to ten inches of rain fell in Travis County and more than a foot of rain fell near Wimberley and Driftwood. Near Oak Hill, four people died and the flooding caused $100 million in property damage.

        April 3, 2014: Hailstorm. Denton. A severe thunderstorm moving through the Denton area dropped hail as big as softballs, which caused more than $500 million in damages to homes, businesses, and vehicles.

        May 11, 2014: Wildfire. Hutchinson County. A wildfire in Hutchinson County destroyed about 100 homes and caused the evacuation of more than 700 residents. The fire burned more than 1,000 acres and caused at least $10 million in damages.

        June 12, 2014: Hailstorm. Abilene. A severe hailstorm moving through Abilene dropped hail up to 4.5 inches in diameter across the city. There were 12 injuries and $400 million in property damage.

        May 4, 2015: Flood. Lubbock. Dozens of motorists from Lubbock to Tahoka needed to be rescued from their vehi- cles after driving into deep floodwaters. Combined damage to vehicles, homes, and thousands of acres of wheat crops exceeded $300 million.

        May 8, 2015: Hail. Lubbock. Widespread hail damage to homes, businesses, vehicles, and wheat crops. Nearly $500 million of combined property damage and $100 million in crop damage.

        May 23–30, 2015: Flash Flood. Central Texas. More than 25 deaths from flash floods and tornadoes from North Central to South Central Texas. Flood waters inundated at least 2,585 homes and 73 commercial buildings. Property damage exceeded $1 billion.

        Oct. 23–24, 2015: Flash Flood. North Central Texas. Heavy rain led to flash flooding across portions of North Central Texas. Rainfall totals in flood-damaged areas ranged from 5 inches to 21-plus inches within a 36-hour period. Property damage estimated at $1 billion.

        Dec. 26–27, 2015: Tornado. North Texas. A potent storm system brought blizzard conditions to Lubbock and 12 deadly tornadoes to North Texas, followed by significant flooding across parts of North and Central Texas. In total, 15 people died, more than 600 were injured, and tens of thousands of dairy cows in West Texas were killed.

        March 9–10, 2016: Flood.East Texas. Multiple days of heavy rain fell across the Sabine River Valley caus- ing massive flooding in the basin. More than 1,500 homes received flood damage, and damage in Texas and Louisiana was estimated at $2.4 billion.

        March 17, 2016: Hail. North Central Texas. Intense, warm advection led to thunderstorm development over the western counties of North Texas. Damage from hail as large as tennis balls was estimated at $600 million.

        March 23, 2016: Hail. North Central Texas. Severe thunderstorms developed along a dry line as it surged east to the Interstate 35 corridor. Damaging winds, hail, and one tornado caused $2.3 billion in damage.

        April 11–12, 2016: Hail.. South Central Texas. Severe thunderstorms produced 4.3-inch hail that damaged an estimated 136,000 vehicles and 125,000 homes. Combined damage of $3.5 billion made this the costliest hail storm ever in Texas.

        April 17, 2016: Flood. Southeast Texas. Ten to 15 inches of rain in less than 12 hours produced devastating flooding in west Houston in an event called the “Tax Day Flood.” There were eight deaths and $2.7 billion in property damage.

        May 21–26, 2016: Widespread Severe Weather. Five- inch hail and tornadoes were reported in the Panhandle. Rainfall totals of 6 to 10 inches occurred there and in Southeast Texas. The storms caused four deaths and a combined $1.2 billion in damage.

        Jan. 14–15, 2017: Ice Storm. High Plains. A strong winter storm made its way from the western U.S. into the Texas Panhandle in the second weekend of January bring- ing frigid temperatures, strong winds, ice, and snow. Ice and snow accumulations were measured to be 1-3 inches across the region. Many residents lost power during this event, along with damages to some infrastructure and economic losses to businesses. Total damages were estimated to be nearly $50 million for both the Texas and Oklahoma panhandles.

        Jan. 21, 2017: Tornadoes. East Texas. An advancing cold front from the Southern High Plains made its way into East Texas, where it interacted with unstable and unseasonably warm air developing into strong thunderstorms and super- cells. Twelve tornadoes touched down across the Ark-La- Tex region, with two destructive EF-2s pushing through East Texas. The severe storms were responsible for over $4 million in damages to vehicles, local infrastructure, and resi- dent homes.

        March 7, 2017: Fire Weather. High Plains. Hot, dry, and windy conditions led to the ignition of a wildfire in the Texas Panhandle along with other fires within the Great Plains. The Gray County fire took the lives of three who were attempt- ing to save livestock. After more than 521,000 acres of land burned, damages and losses of land, livestock, and infra- structure were estimated to be over $25.1 million.

        April 14, 2017: Tornado. High Plains. Strong thunder- storms firing in the Texas Panhandle produced a significant tornadic supercell in the southern High Plains. A post-storm survey conducted by the National Weather Service (NWS) determined that the tornado that tore through Castro County during the early evening hours was an EF-3 with a massive diameter of 1.1 miles. Reports by the NWS affirmed no deaths or injuries, though damages were estimated to be nearly $2 million.

        April 29, 2017: Tornadoes. East Texas. Four deaths and over 50 injuries were the result of a devastating tornado outbreak in East Texas. There was a total of Seven confirmed tornadoes passing through Henderson, Hopkins, Rains, and Van Zandt counties. Post-storm surveys confirmed the stron- gest storm was an EF-4 that had estimated wind speeds near 180 mph in Van Zandt County.

        June 4, 2017: Hail. West Texas. The development of a strong line of thunderstorms produced strong winds and large hail in Odessa. Five-inch hail and 100 mph winds were recorded when the storm was at its peak. These conditions significantly damaged vehicles and infrastructure, uprooted trees, and caused power outages across the area. Damages of $208 million were sustained from these storms.

        August 25–29, 2017: Hurricane. Southeast Texas. Hurricane Harvey made landfall in Southeast Texas, the first Category 4 landfall in the state since 1961. Strong winds and torrential downpours were the most destructive impacts to the region; maximum wind speeds reached 130 mph, and the largest observed rainfall total was 60 inches. There were 68 deaths directly related to the storm and an estimate of $125 billion in damage.

        Jan. 16–17, 2018: Winter Weather. North Central Texas. North Texas citizens experienced a frigid Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a strong Arctic cold front pushed through the region. The air mass brought freezing temperatures, snow, sleet, and freezing rain. Two homeless citizens in Dallas lost their lives from the extreme cold conditions.

        Jan. 21, 2018: Tornado. East Texas. Unstable atmo- spheric conditions produced supercell thunderstorms in the Ark-La-Tex midwinter season. Moderate-sized hail and strong winds were products of the intense storms. An EF-2 tornado on the ground for 7 miles in Bowie County reached an estimated maximum wind speed of 125 mph. Many homes were damaged, as well as injuries sustained by local residents and farm animals, with an estimated loss of $2.5 million.

        April 3, 2018: Strong Winds. Upper Coast. Strong storms along the Texas coast produced damaging winds and gusts in Harris County. The most damaging winds were short-lived in a phenomenon known as a “microburst,” a powerful down- ward rush of air from a thunderstorm. Sustained winds from this event reached an estimated maximum of 80 mph, causing $2 million in damages to a hangar at Houston Hobby Airport.

        May 19–20, 2018: Hail. High Plains. Slow-moving super- cell thunderstorms caused a great deal of damage to residents of West Texas during the evening hours and into the night. The storms produced heavy rainfall that led to flash flooding and large-size hail. The magnitude of hail produced had the greatest toll on residents. Several observations of tennis- to baseball-sized hail were reported during the event, which caused an estimated $30 million in damages to property.

        June 7, 2018: Severe Weather. High Plains and Low Rolling Plains. A late-spring storm produced heavy rains and destructive winds in West Texas. Estimated winds during this event reached hurricane force, peaking near 115 mph. One family in Scurry County reported an overturned manufac- tured home that resulted in one injury. Total damages by flash flooding and strong winds were estimated at over $600,000.

        June 19–22, 2018: Flooding/Tropical Weather. Lower Valley and South Texas. A low-pressure system originat- ing from the Caribbean made landfall in South Texas in the early days of summer. The system interacted with other atmospheric features to create strong, heavy-rain produc- ing storms. For nearly four days, the region was drenched with continual precipitation that caused widespread flood- ing. Locally flooded areas saw water depths of 2 to 4 feet. Disaster responders in the region reported more than 2,000 rescues during the event. With at least 20,000 residents and businesses considered affected by the storms, a preliminary estimate of $115 million in property damage was reported.

        Oct. 16–17, 2018: Flooding. Central Texas. Strong thun- derstorms slowly rolled through Central Texas during the early morning hours bringing torrential downpours to the region. Flash flooding was extensive in the western areas of the region, where rainfall totals between 6 to 9 inches caused overfilling of the Llano River, Lake LBJ, Lake Marble Falls, and Lake Travis. One loss of life was reported in Llano County. The combined property damage in Llano, Burnet, and Travis counties exceeded $100 million.