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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

17,979
– 3.1
930.9
914.5
995–1,522
31.51
28.3
96.2
7,935
3.7
$74,352,129
$47,362
$2,017,046,550
$234,619,301

map of Young County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Hilly, broken; drained by Brazos and tributaries; Possum Kingdom Lake, Lake Graham.

Economy: Oil, agribusiness, tourism, hunting leases.

History: U.S. military outpost established in 1851. Site of Brazos Indian Reservation 1854–1859 with Caddoes, Wacos, other tribes. Anglo-American settlers arrived in the 1850s. County named for early Texan, Col. W.C. Young; created from Bosque and Fannin counties, and organized in 1856; reorganized in 1874.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 78.3; Black, 1.6; Hispanic, 18.4; Asian, 0.6; Other, 1.4; Two or more races, 1.4.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 230; deaths, 239; marriages, 133; divorces, 42.

Recreation: Lake activities; hunting; Fort Belknap; marker at oak tree in Graham where ranchers formed forerunner of Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association.

Minerals: Oil, gas, sand, gravel.

Agriculture: Beef cattle; wheat chief crop, also hay, cotton, pecans, nursery plants. Market value $23.7 million.

GRAHAM (9,190) county seat; oil, gas, agriculture, tourism, government/services; hospital; old post office museum/art center; Western heritage days in September.

Other towns include: Loving (300); Newcastle (589) old coal-mining town; Olney (3,291) aluminum, varied manufacturing, hospital; One-Arm Dove Hunt in September; South Bend (100).

Old bridge over the Brazos River near Newcastle

The old bridge over the Brazos River near Newcastle. Photo by Robert Plocheck.