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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

35,043
4.0
621.8
604.0
150–560
45.14
39.0
94.2
14,548
4.0
$151,772,766
$47,470
$5,828,887,368
$502,973,542

map of Washington County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: South central county in Brazos valley; rolling prairie of sandy loam, alluvial soils.

Economy: Agribusiness, oil, tourism, manufacturing, government/services.

History: Coahuiltecan tribes and Tonkawas in area when Anglo-American settlers arrived in 1821. Antebellum slaveholding area. Germans arrived around 1870. County named for George Washington; an original county, created in 1836, organized in 1837.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent), Anglo, 64.1; Black, 17.6; Hispanic, 15.6; Asian, 2.2; Other, 0.5; Two or more races, 1.2.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 415; deaths, 389; marriages, 214; divorces, 100.

Recreation: Many historic sites, including Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas Baptist Historical Museum, Star of Republic Museum; wildflowers, Somerville Lake, fishing, hunting, birding; antique rose nursery.

Minerals: Oil, gas and stone.

Agriculture: Cattle, poultry, dairy products, hogs, horses; hay, corn, sorghum, cotton, small grains, nursery crops. Market value $45.7 million.

BRENHAM(16,752) county seat; Blue Bell creamery, retail, tourism; hospital; Blinn College; Maifest.

Other towns include: Burton (312) agriculture, tourism, national landmark cotton gin, festival in April; Chappell Hill (750) sausage production, tourism, historic homes, Scarecrow festival in October; Washington (100) site of signing of Texas Declaration of Independence.

an avenue of wildflowers at Washington-on-the-Brazos

An avenue of wildflowers at Washington-on-the-Brazos. Photo by Robert Plocheck.