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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
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Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
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map of Travis County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Central county of scenic hills, broken by Colorado River; Lake Travis, Lake Austin, Lady Bird Lake, Walter E. Long Lake; cedars, pecans, other trees; diverse soils, mineral deposits.

Economy: Government/services, education, technology, research, and industry.

History: Tonkawa and Lipan Apache area; Comanches, Kiowas arrived about 1700. Spanish missions from East Texas temporarily relocated near Barton Springs in 1730 before removing to San Antonio. Anglo-Americans arrived in the early 1830s. County created in 1840, when Austin became Republic’s capital, from Bastrop County; organized in 1843; named for Alamo commander Col. William B. Travis; many other counties created from its original area.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 48.9; Black, 8.9; Hispanic, 33.6; Asian, 7.4; Other, 1.3; Two or more races, 2.7.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 16,297; deaths, 5,380; marriages, 9,906; divorces, 2,469.

Recreation: Colorado River lakes, hunting, fishing; McKinney Falls State Park, Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge; LBJ Presidential Library, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center; collegiate, metropolitan, governmental events; official buildings and historic sites; museums, including Bullock state history museum; Sixth St. restoration area; scenic drives; many city parks; South by Southwest film, music festival in March.

Minerals: Production of lime, stone, sand, gravel, oil and gas.

Agriculture: Cattle, nursery crops, hogs; sorghum, corn, cotton, small grains, pecans. Market value $28.1 million.

Education: University of Texas, St. Edward’s University, Concordia Lutheran University, Huston-Tillotson College, Austin Community College, Episcopal and Presbyterian seminaries.

AUSTIN (974,581, part [35,697] in Williamson County) county seat and state capital; state and federal payrolls, IRS center, high-tech industries, healthcare/hospitals, including state institutions for blind, deaf, mental illnesses; popular retirement area. Anderson Mill Del Valle, and Oak Hill are now part of Austin.

Other towns include: Bee Cave (6,957) retail, tourism, SpringFest in April; Briarcliff (1,781); Creedmoor (230); Garfield (1,805); Jonestown (2,099) tourism, retail, commuters, Chili Pod chili cook-off in April; Lago Vista (7,114); Lakeway (15,827) residential real estate, retail, tourism, lake activities; Manchaca (1,212); Manor (14,078); Mustang Ridge (994, partly in Caldwell County).

Also, Pflugerville (68,924) high-tech industries, agriculture, government/services, Deutchenfest in May; Point Venture (985); Rollingwood (1,589); San Leanna (546); Sunset Valley (698); The Hills (2,514) residential community; Volente (616); Webberville (478);  Wells Branch (13,884); West Lake Hills (3,154).

Also, part [489] of Cedar Park, part [882] of Jollyville, part of Leander, and part [1,362] of Round Rock, all mostly in Williamson County.

water trickles down into Hamilton Pool near Bee Cave

Water trickles down into Hamilton Pool near Bee Cave. Photo by Ann Smith.