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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
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map of Taylor County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: Prairies, with Callahan Divide, draining to Colorado River tributaries, Brazos River forks; Lake Abilene, Lake Kirby; mostly loam soils.

Economy: Agribusiness, oil and gas, education, Dyess Air Force Base.

History: Comanches in the area about 1700. Anglo-American settlers arrived in the 1870s. Named for Alamo heroes Edward, James, and George Taylor, brothers; county created from Bexar, Travis counties in 1858 and organized in 1878.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 62.7; Black, 8.4; Hispanic, 25.0; Asian, 2.3; Other, 1.2; Two or more races, 3,0.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 2,097; deaths, 1,378; marriages, 1,285; divorces, 383.

Recreation: Abilene State Park, lake activities, Nelson Park Zoo, college events, Buffalo Gap historical tour and arts festival in April, Western Heritage ranch rodeo in May and West Texas Fair in September at Abilene.

Minerals: Oil, natural gas.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, small grain, cotton, milo. Market value $31.5 million.

Education: Abilene Christian University, Hardin-Simmons University, McMurry University, Texas Tech University pharmacy school, nursing school, and branch campus, and Cisco Junior College branch.

ABILENE (123,403, a small part in Jones County) county seat; retail center, oil and gas, military, colleges; hospitals, Abilene State School; Fort Phantom Hill (in Jones County). Wylie is now part of Abilene.

Other communities include: Buffalo Gap (498) historic sites; Impact (33); Lawn (314); Merkel (2,656) oil and wind energy, ranching, hunting, commuting, museum, health clinic, part of Bankhead Highway (early 1900s transcontinental route); classic car show in March; Ovalo (225); Potosi (3,536); Trent (340); Tuscola (752); Tye (1,314).

Wind turbines along FM 126

Wind turbines along FM 126. Photo by Robert Plocheck.