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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

25,513
0.3
834.6
795.6
174–630
54.20
35.1
94.4
10,697
5.0
$74,123,985
$37,254
$2,170,953,651
$258,925,624

map of Shelby County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: East Texas county; partly hills, much bottomland; well-timbered, 67,762 acres in national forest; Attoyac Bayou, other streams; Toledo Bend Reservoir, Pinkston Reservoir; sandy, clay, alluvial soils.

Economy: Poultry, timber, cattle, tourism.

History: Caddo Indian area. First Anglo-Americans settled in the 1810s. Antebellum slaveholding area. Original county of the Republic, created in 1836; organized in 1837; named for Isaac Shelby of American Revolution.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 61.5; Black, 17.8; Hispanic, 18.3; Asian, 1.7; Other, 1.1; Two or more races, 1.4.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 351; deaths, 300; marriages, 178; divorces, 65.

Recreation: Toledo Bend Reservoir activities; Sabine National Forest; hunting, fishing; camping; historic sites, restored 1885 courthouse.

Minerals: Natural gas, oil.

Agriculture: First in poultry and egg production. Beef cattle. Hay. Market value $473.2 million. Timber sales significant.

CENTER (5,210) county seat; poultry, timber, oil and gas, tourism; hospital, Panola College extension, museum; What-A-Melon festival in July, poultry festival in October.

Other towns: Huxley (377); Joaquin (805); Shelbyville (600); Tenaha (1,107); Timpson (1,164) livestock, timber, farming, commuters, genealogy library, Frontier Days in July.

the old Shelby County Courthouse in Center

The old Shelby County Courthouse in Center. Photo by Robert Plocheck.