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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

9,842
– 4.2
885.2
880.8
3,785–4,440
20.14
22.5
89.8
4,789
2.5
$62,243,468
$41,577
$1,674,223,104
$73,040,139

map of Parmer County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
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Physical Features: Western High Plains, broken by draws, playas; sandy, clay, loam soils.

Economy: Cattle feeding, grain elevators, meatpacking plant, other agribusiness.

Locator map for Parmer County

History: Apaches, pushed out in the late 1700s by Comanches and Kiowas. U.S. Army removed Indians in 1874–1875. Anglo-Americans arrived in the 1880s. Mexican migration increased after 1950. County named for Republic figure Martin Parmer; created from Bexar District in 1876, organized in 1907.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 34.2; Black, 1.8; Hispanic, 63.5; Asian, 0.7; Other, 1.9; Two or more races, 1.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 144; deaths, 75; marriages, 35; divorces, 22.

Recreation: Hunting, playa lake, Border Town Days in July at Farwell.

Minerals: Not significant.

Agriculture: Beef cattle (second in numbers), dairies (third in number of milk cows); crops include wheat, corn, cotton, grain sorghum, alfalfa; apples and potatoes also raised; 163,000 acres irrigated. Market value $1.33 billion, second in state.

FARWELL (1,335) county seat; agribusiness center, grain storage, plants make farm equipment.

FRIONA (3,995) farming, cattle feeding, feed mill; hospital; museum; Cheeseburger Festival in July.

Other towns include: Bovina (1,809) farm trade center; Lazbuddie (248).

Train moves past the grain elevator at Friona

Grain elevator at Friona. Photo by Robert Plocheck.