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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

sea level–35

map of Orange County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: In southeastern corner of the state; bounded by Sabine, Neches rivers, Sabine Lake; coastal soils; two-thirds timbered.

Economy: Petrochemicals, varied manufacturing, agribusiness, tourism, lumber processing.

locator map for Orange County

History: Atakapan Indian area. French traders in area by 1720. Anglo-American settlement began in the 1820s. County created from Jefferson County in 1852, organized the same year; named for early orange grove.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 80.7; Black, 8.8; Hispanic, 7.7; Asian, 1.1; Other, 0.8; Two or more races, 1.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 1,218; deaths, 947; marriages, 630; divorces, 203.

Recreation: Fishing, hunting, water sports, birding, county park, museums; historical homes, crawfish and crab festivals in spring.

Minerals: Salt, oil, gas, clays, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay, Christmas trees and rice are top revenue sources; honey a significant revenue producer; fruits, berries, vegetables. Also, crawfishing. Market value $4.3 million. Hunting leases. Timber important.

ORANGE (19,416) county seat; seaport, petrochemical plants, varied manufacturing, food and timber processing shipping; hospital, theater, museums; Lamar State College-Orange; Mardi Gras/gumbo festival in February.

Bridge City (8,092) varied manufacturing, ship repair yard, steel fabrication, fish farming, government/services; library; tall bridge and newer suspension bridge over Neches; stop for Monarch butterfly in fall during its migration to Mexico.

Vidor (10,937) steel processing, railroad-car refinishing; library; barbecue festival in April.

Other towns include: Mauriceville (3,526); Orangefield (725); Pine Forest (506); Pinehurst (2,138); Rose City (529); West Orange (3,549).

Alligator basks in the sun in a swamp in Orange County

An alligator basks in the sun in an Orange County swamp. Photo by Ron Billings/Texas Forest Service.