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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

165,049
20.6
902.1
900.3
2,550–2,980
14.80
31.5
96.2
93,000
2.4
$1,643,786,592
$105,486
$22,658,970,706
$3,261,471,207

map of Midland County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: Flat western county, broken by draws; sandy, loam soils with native grasses.

Economy: Among leading petroleum-producing counties; distribution, administrative center for oil industry; varied manufacturing; government/services.

locator map for Midland County

History: Comanches in the area in the 19th century. Sheep ranching developed in the 1880s. Permian Basin oil boom began in the 1920s. County created from Tom Green County in 1885 and organized the same year; name came from midway location on the railroad between El Paso and Fort Worth. The Chihuahua Trail and Emigrant Road were pioneer trails that crossed the county.

 

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 46.2; Black, 6.6; Hispanic, 44.4; Asian, 2.0; Other, 1.3; Two or more races, 1.6.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 2,826; deaths, 1,098; marriages, 1,394; divorces, 618.

Recreation: Permian Basin Petroleum Museum, Library, Hall of Fame; Museum of Southwest; Commemorative Air Force and Museum; community theater; metropolitan events; homes of Presidents Bush.

Minerals: Oil, natural gas.

Agriculture: Beef cattle, horses, sheep and goats; cotton, hay, pecans; some 11,000 acres irrigated. Market value $17.2 million.

MIDLAND (135,175) county seat; petroleum, petrochemical center; varied manufacturing; livestock sale center; hospitals; cultural activities; community college; polo club, Texas League baseball; Celebration of the Arts in May.

Part [1,670] of Odessa.

Midland skyline

The Midland skyline. Photo by Robert Plocheck.