Filed Under: 

Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales


map of Lubbock County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: South Plains, broken by 1,500 playas, upper Brazos River tributaries; rich soils with underground water.

Economy: Among world’s largest cottonseed processing centers, a leading agribusiness center, cattle feedlots, varied manufacturing, higher education center, medical center, government/services.

locator map for Lubbock County

History: Evidence of human habitation for 12,000 years. In historic period, Apache Indians, followed by Comanche hunters. Sheep raisers from Midwest arrived in the late 1870s. Cotton farms brought in Mexican laborers in the 1940s–1960s. County named for Col. Tom S. Lubbock, an organizer of the Confederate Terry’s Rangers; county created in 1876 from Bexar District; organized in 1891.


Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 52.7; Black, 7.9; Hispanic, 36.3; Asian, 2.4; Other, 1.3; Two or more races, 1.9.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 4,112; deaths, 2,441; marriages, 2,163; divorces, 826.

Recreation: Lubbock Lake archaeological site; Texas Tech events; civic center; Buddy Holly statue, Walk of Fame, Lubbock Music Fest in fall; planetarium; Ranching Heritage Center; Panhandle-South Plains Fair, National Cowboy symposium in September; wine festivals; Buffalo Springs Lake.

Minerals: Oil, gas, stone, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: First in sales of cotton. Fed beef, cow-calf operations; poultry, eggs; hogs. Other crops, nursery, grain sorghum, wheat, sunflowers, soybeans, hay, vegetables; more than 166,000 acres irrigated, mostly cotton. Market value $219.5 million.

Education: Texas Tech University with law and medical schools; Lubbock Christian University; South Plains College branch; Wayland Baptist University off-campus center.

LUBBOCK (256,600) county seat; center for large agricultural area; manufacturing includes electronics, earth-moving equipment, food containers, fire-protection equipment, clothing, other products; distribution center for South Plains; feedlots; museum; government/services; hospitals, psychiatric hospital; wind power center.

Other towns include: Buffalo Springs (495); Idalou (2,246); New Deal (825); Ransom Canyon (1,103); Shallowater (2,501); Slaton (5,948) agriculture, government/services, Harvey House hotel, museums, sausagefest in October; Wolfforth (5,623) retail, government/services.

Also, part of Abernathy (2,686).

a farm field near Idalou

Harvesting near Idalou. Photo by Robert Plocheck.