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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales


map of Hill County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: North central county; level to rolling; blackland soils, some sandy loams; drains to Brazos River; Lake Whitney, Aquilla Lake.

Economy: Agribusiness, tourism, varied manufacturing.

locator map for Hill County

History: Waco and Tawakoni area, later Comanches. Believed to be Indian “council spot,” a place of safe passage without evidence of raids. Anglo-Americans of the Robertson colony arrived in the early 1830s. Fort Graham established in 1849. County created from Navarro County in 1853, organized the same year; named for G.W. Hill, Republic of Texas official.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 70.0; Black, 6.7; Hispanic, 21.2; Asian, 0.7; Other, 1.1; Two or more races, 1.9.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 389; deaths, 455; marriages, 233; divorces, 135.

Recreation: Lake activities; Lake Whitney State Park, excursion boat on Lake Whitney; Texas Heritage Museum including Confederate and Audie Murphy exhibits, historic structures, rebuilt frontier fort barracks; motorcycle track.

Minerals: Gas, limestone.

Agriculture: Corn, cattle, sorghum, wheat, cotton, dairies, turkeys. Market value $114 million. Some firewood marketed.

HILLSBORO (8,544) county seat; agribusiness, varied manufacturing, retail, outlet center, tourism, antiques malls; Hill College; hospital; Cell Block museum, restored courthouse; Cotton Pickin Fair in September.

Whitney (2,177) manufacturing, stone works, government/services; hospital; museum; Pioneer Days in October.

Other towns include: Abbott (376); Aquilla (114); Blum (472); Brandon (75); Bynum (205); Carl’s Corner (178); Covington (282); Hubbard (1,394) agriculture, machine shop, antiques, museum, library, Magnolias & Mistletoe Victorian Christmas celebration; Irene (170); Itasca (1,727); Malone (276); Mertens (128); Mount Calm (332); Penelope (207).

wildflowers at Lake Whitney

Wildflowers at Lake Whitney.