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Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
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map of Harrison County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.

Physical Features: East Texas county; hilly, rolling; over half forested; Sabine River; Caddo Lake, Brandy Branch Reservoir.

Economy: Oil, gas processing, lumbering, pottery, other varied manufacturing.

locator map for Harrison County

History: Area was populated by agriculturist Caddo Indians whose numbers were reduced by disease. Anglo-Americans arrived in the 1830s. In 1850, the county had more slaves than any other in the state. County created in 1839 from Shelby County; organized in 1842. Named for eloquent advocate of the Texas Revolution, Jonas Harrison.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 63.2; Black, 21.1; Hispanic, 13.6; Asian, 0.8; Other, 1.3; Two or more races, 1.7.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 826; deaths, 677; marriages, 468; divorces, 115.

Recreation: Fishing, other water activities on Caddo and other lakes; hunting; plantation homes, historic sites; Stagecoach Days in May; Old Courthouse Museum; Old World Store; Caddo Lake State Park, Caddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge; performing arts; Fire Ant festival in October.

Minerals: Oil, gas, lignite coal, clays, sand and gravel.

Agriculture: Cattle, hay. Also, poultry, nursery plants, horses, vegetables, watermelons. Market value $15.8 million. Hunting leases important. Substantial timber industry.

MARSHALL (22,505) county seat; petroleum and lumber processing, varied manufacturing; civic center; historic sites, including Starr Family State Historic Site; hospital; Wiley College, East Texas Baptist University; Wonderland of Lights in December.

Other towns include: Elysian Fields (500); Hallsville (4,158) government/services, utilities, Western Days in October, museum; Harleton (390); Jonesville (70); Karnack (350); Nesbitt (257); Scottsville (364); Uncertain (99) tourism, fishing, hunting, Mayhaw Festival in May; Waskom (2,170) oil, gas, ranching, Armadillo Daze in April; Woodlawn (550).

Also, part [1,870] of Longview.

Caddo Lake

Caddo Lake. Photo by Ron Billings/Texas Forest Service.