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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area(sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

20,893
5.5
1,069.9
1,066.7
200–562
34.91
39.9
94.2
9,104
3.4
$73,485,862
$42,456
$5,440,252,700
$226,344,449

map of Gonzales County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: South central county; rolling, rich bottom soils along Guadalupe River and its tributaries; Lake Gonzales; some sandy areas; many oaks, pecans.

Economy: Agribusiness, hunting leases.

locator map for Gonzales County

History: Coahuiltecan tribal area. Among the first Anglo-American settlements was the DeWitt colony in the late 1820s. County created in 1836; organized in 1837; named for Coahuila y Texas Gov. Rafael Gonzales.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 41.6; Black, 7.4; Hispanic, 50.6; Asian, 0.6; Other, 1.9; Two or more races, 1.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 320; deaths, 187; marriages, 103; divorces, 63.

Recreation: Historic sites, homes, Pioneer Village Living History Center, Palmetto State Park, museums, Independence Park.

Minerals: Gas, oil, clay, gravel.

Agriculture: Second in poultry and egg production, cattle; hay, corn, sorghum, pecans, mushrooms. Market value $517.8 million.

GONZALES (7,628) county seat; first shot in Texas Revolution fired here; cattle ranching, chicken farming; hospital, college extensions; pioneer village; “Come and Take It” festival in October.

Other towns include: Belmont (55); Cost (84) First Shot monument; Harwood (118); Leesville (152); Nixon (2,490) poultry-processing plant, Feather Fest in September; Ottine (80); Smiley (570); Waelder (1,121) Guacamole Fest in September; Wrightsboro (10).

Palmetto State Park pond

Palmetto State Park. Photo by Larry D. Moore (CC).