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Counties

Population
Change fm 2010
Area (sq.mi.)
Land area (sq.mi.)
Altitude (ft.)
Rainfall (in.)
Jan. avg. min.
July avg. max.
Civilian labor
Unemployed
Wages
Per Capita Inc.
Prop. Value
Retail Sales

20,638
17.8
1,502.9
1,502.4
2,935–3,695
18.36
27.7
93.4
9,247
2.6
$83,518,470
$35,690
$3,757,045,875
$235,255,418

map of Gaines County
Click to enlarge. Map legend.
 

Physical Features: On South Plains, drains to draws; playas; underground water.

Economy: Oil and gas, cotton, peanuts.

locator map for Gaines County

History: Comanche country until the U.S. Army campaigns of 1875. Ranchers arrived in the 1880s; farming began around 1900. County created from Bexar District in 1876; organized in 1905; named for James Gaines, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence.

Race/Ethnicity: (In percent) Anglo, 55.0; Black, 2.2; Hispanic, 41.9; Asian, 0.4; Other, 1.2; Two or more races, 1.3.

Vital Statistics, annual: Births, 407; deaths, 128; marriages, 179; divorces, 27.

Recreation: Cedar Lake one of largest alkali lakes on Texas plains.

Minerals: Oil, gas.

Agriculture: Cotton (first in bales produced), peanuts (first in acreage), small grains, pecans, paprika, rosemary; cattle, sheep, hogs; substantial irrigation. Market value $180.5 million.

SEMINOLE (7,335) county seat; farming, oil and gas, ranching, market center; hospital, library, museum; county airport; Go Nuts produce fair in September.

Seagraves (2,733) market for three-county area; cotton, peanut farming; library, museum; Celebrate Seagraves in July.

Other towns include: Loop (228). Also, part of Denver City (5,062).

Feed lot between Seagraves and Seminole.

A feed lot in northwestern Gaines County. Photo by Robert Plocheck.